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Eritrea Facts

Eritrea's Information

Flag of Eritrea
Land Area 101,000 km2
Water Area 16,600 km2
Total Area 117,600km2 (#99)
Population 5,869,869 (#112)
Population Density 58.12/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $9.17 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,300
Currency Nakfa (ERN)
Largest Cities
  • Name: Eritrea
    (long form) State of Eritrea
  • Capital City: Asmara (563,9300 pop.)
  • Eritrea Population: 6,233,682 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Nakfa (ERN)
    (conversion rates)

    One Nakfa
  • Ethnicity: nine recognized ethnic groups: Tigrinya 55%, Tigre 30%, Saho 4%, Kunama 2%, Rashaida 2%, Bilen 2%, other (Afar, Beni Amir, Nera) 5%
  • GDP total: $4.412 billion (2012 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $800 (2012 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Asmara, Keren, Massawa, Assab, Mendefera
  • Name: Meaning, "Land of the Red Sea."
  • National Day: May 24
  • Religion: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic
  • Symbols
This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Eritrea Trivia

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Eritrea?

The Biher-Tigrinya people are the largest ethnic group in Eritrea today, followed by the related Tigre people.

Major Ethnic Groups Of Eritrea

What is the highest mountain in Eritrea?

Dega Mountain has the highest peak in Eritrea. It reaches 9,997 feet above sea level.

The Highest Mountains in Eritrea

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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