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Botswana History Timeline

Botswana's Information

Flag of Botswana
Land Area 566,730 km2
Water Area 15,000 km2
Total Area 581,730km2 (#47)
Population 2,209,208 (#144)
Population Density 3.90/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $35.90 Billion
GDP Per Capita $16,900
Currency Pula (BWP)
More Information Botswana
Largest Cities

200 - 1700

  • (200 - 500) Bantu-speaking farmers moved into area
  • (600 - 700) Farming culture thrived in Toutswe Hill area
  • (1200 - 1300) Toutswe state conquered by neighboring Mapungubwe state; Tourswe town abandoned
  • (1300s) Three main branches of Tswana tribe evolved in Molepolole, Kanye, Serowe
  • (1600s) Rolong-Khalagari power stretched from Mbandu country across the central Namibia-Botswana frontier
  • (1700) Kwena, Hurutshe migrants founded Ngwatketse chiefdom in southeastern Botswana
1800s
  • (1800) Raiders from the Cape attacked the Ngwaketse
  • (1800s) Kwena people established permanent settlements
  • (1840s) David Livingstone began missionary work
  • (1860s) Tswana people appealed to British for protection against enemies
  • (1867) Gold discovered, mining began
  • (1885) British established Bechuanaland Protectorate to stop annexation by South Africa
  • (1890) British protectorate extended to Chobe River
1900s
  • (1900) Administration of the region was transferred to High Commissioner for Basutoland (present-day Lesotho), Bechuanaland and Swaziland
  • (1909) Inhabitants of the Bechuanaland Protectorate asked for and received British assurances that they would not be included in the proposed Union of South Africa
  • (1920) European council established consisting of two advisory councils representing Africans and Europeans
  • (1930) Botswana Chiefs began making demands for national symbols, self-government
  • (1930) British rejected demands for self-government, claimed Protectorate was not ready for independence
  • (1934) New proclamations regularized tribal rule and powers
  • (1940s) Independent churches and schools established
  • (1950) Mgwato Chief, Seretse Khama, exiled to UK following pressure from South Africa for his marriage to a white British woman
  • (1952) Rioters protested the exile of Seretse Khama
  • (1959) Copper mining began
  • (1960) Bechuanaland People's Party (BPP) formed
  • (1960) Britain approved new constitution for Bechuanaland
  • (1960) Executive, Legislative and African Councils established
  • (1961) Seretse Khama appointed to Executive Council
  • (1962) Seretse Khama founded Bechuanaland Democratic Party (BDP)
  • (1964) Britain accepted proposal for self-government
  • (1964) New administrative capital constructed at Gaborone
  • (1965) BDP party won legislative elections, Seretse Khama became prime minister
  • (1965) Gaborone officially became administrative center
  • (1966) Bechuanaland granted independence, became the Republic of Botswana
  • (1966) Seretse Khama became president
  • (1967) Diamonds discovered at Orapa
  • (1969) BDP party won general election, Seretse Khama re-elected as president
  • (1977) Botswana Defense Force established
  • (1979) BDP party won general election, Seretse Khama re-elected to third term as president
  • (1980) Botswana was founding member of Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC) group, goal was to reduce region's economic reliance on South Africa
  • (1980) President Khama died, former Vice-President Quett Masire made president by National Assembly vote
  • (1980) Severe drought resulted in loss of livestock
  • (1984) BDP party won general elections, Quett Masire re-elected president

Botswana Trivia

What Languages are Spoken in Botswana?

English is the official language of Botswana, while Setswana is the most widely spoken language in the country. Several other minority languages, especially Bantu languages, are also spoken in Botswana.

What Languages are Spoken in Botswana?

What Kind of Plants Live in Botswana?

Some of the plants that live in Botswana include the sweet thorn, blady grass, the real fan palm and the medlar.

Native Plants Of Botswana

What is the biggest city in Botswana?

Gaborone is the largest city in Botswana with a population of 231,000.

Biggest Cities In Botswana

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Botswana?

Botswana is rich in a wide variety of natural resources including minerals, arable land, livestock, and the nation's beautiful scenery.

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Botswana?

What is the capital of Botswana?

Gaborone is the capital of Botswana.

What Is The Capital Of Botswana?

What are the Ecological Regions of Botswana?

The larger biomes encompassing the ecoregions of Botswana include Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands, Flooded Grasslands and Savannas, Deserts and Xeric Shrublands, Zambezi Freshwater, and Southern Temperate Freshwater.

Ecological Regions Of Botswana

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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