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Burundi's Information

Flag of Burundi
Land Area 25,680 km2
Water Area 2,150 km2
Total Area 27,830km2 (#142)
Population 11,099,298 (#80)
Population Density 432.22/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $7.89 Billion
GDP Per Capita $800
Currency Franc (BIF)
More Information Burundi
Largest Cities

Once known as Urundi, the Kingdom of Burundi emerged on the eastern foothills in the late 17th century.

European explorers and missionaries that visited the region during the 19th century compared the kingdom to that of the old Greek Empire. In 1899, the region of Burundi was incorporated into German East Africa, until Germany's defeat in World War I - at which point control was handed over to Belgium.

Under Belgium's ruling, Rwanda and Burundi were lumped together to form Ruanda-Urundi; however, both territories were able to keep their kingship dynasties.

In 1959, Mwami Mwambutsa IV appealed to the Belgian Minister of Colonies to separate Burundi and Rwanda, and political parties began to form in an effort to push for independence.

The country was successful and gained freedom from Europe in 1962. Following their newly independent status, a constitutional monarchy was established that represented both the Hutus and Tutsis.

The country's recent history is replete with bloody battles between both ethnic groups, and those conflicts and disagreements continue today.

A particularly gruesome outbreak of violence occurred in 1972 as an estimated 200,000 - 300,000 Hutu were killed, and an additional 300,000 refugees fled to Tanzania.

An attempt at democracy came to light in June of 1993, and Hutu leader Melchior Ndadaye became the first Hitu head of state. Unfortunately, later that same year, Ndadaye was assassinated by Tutsi soldiers, which further increased tensions between both sides.

A decade of civil war followed, with an estimated 300,000 people (mostly civilians) getting caught in the crossfire.

Numerous rounds of peace talks, overseen by leaders in Tanzania, South Africa and Uganda, began to establish power-sharing agreements in an attempt to satisfy the majority.

The future of Burundi is somewhat bleak, as less than half of all children attend school, and basic foods and medicines are in short supply. As a result of the latter, HIV/AIDS is almost out of control.

With a high population density and very limited natural resources, most of the population remains economically suppressed, and resign themselves to subsistence agricultural farming.

This page was last updated on July 12, 2016.

Burundi Trivia

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Burundi?

Burundi is rich in natural resources including arable land, natural forests, wildlife, water resources, peat, gold, nickel, and other mineral deposits.

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Burundi?

What Is The Culture Of Burundi?

Burundi has a rich heritage of oral literature which features stories, legends, poems, songs, and riddles.

The Culture Of Burundi

What are the Ecological Regions of Burundi?

Burundi's environmental landscape is a mix of highland forests and savanna grasslands. The ecological regions include tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, tropical and subtropical grasslands, and shrublands.

Ecological Regions Of Burundi

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Burundi?

The Hutu ethnic group makes up around 85% of the population of Burundi.

Largest Ethnic Groups In Burundi

What is the Largest Religion in Burundi?

An estimated 75% of Burundians are Christian, with 81.5% of these Christians (61.1% of the total population) being Roman Catholic Christians.

Religious Beliefs In Burundi

What is the biggest city in Burundi?

Bujumbura is the largest city in Burundi with a population of nearly 500,000.

Biggest Cities In Burundi

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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