Once known as Urundi, the Kingdom of Burundi emerged on the eastern foothills in the late 17th century.
Rwanda, and political parties began to form in an effort to push for independence.
The country was successful and gained freedom from Tanzania.
An attempt at democracy came to light in June of 1993, and Hutu leader Melchior Ndadaye became the first Hitu head of state. Unfortunately, later that same year, Ndadaye was assassinated by Tutsi soldiers, which further increased tensions between both sides.
A decade of civil war followed, with an estimated 300,000 people (mostly civilians) getting caught in the crossfire.
Numerous rounds of peace talks, overseen by leaders in The future of Burundi is somewhat bleak, as less than half of all children attend school, and basic foods and medicines are in short supply. As a result of the latter, HIV/AIDS is almost out of control.
With a high population density and very limited natural resources, most of the population remains economically suppressed, and resign themselves to subsistence agricultural farming.
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