Benin is one of Africa's smallest countries, and displays little fluctuation in elevation.
The country transitions from a narrow and somewhat sandy coastal area to a marshy land with lagoons that rise into the La Terre de Barre Plateau.
The wooded savannah of the plateau continues on into the foot hills of the Atakora Mountains of the northwest, a branch of the Togo Mountains.
Benin's highest point is Mt. Sokbaro, which rises 2,158 ft. (658 m); the lowest point of the country is the Atlantic Ocean at 0 m.
From the mountainous northwest, the land slopes down into a broad plain and on to the Niger River valley of the far northeast.
The Niger and Oueme are the country's major rivers.