Covering an area of 184,827 sq. km, the State of Washington is located in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
As observed on the map, rugged cliffs and numerous bays front the state’s Pacific Ocean coastline. In the far northwest, the Pacific Ocean is bordered by the Olympic Peninsula, where the dense rainforests and the rugged Olympic Mountains dominate the landscape. In the state’s southern part, the Coastal Mountain Range and the Willapa Hills stretch across the border into the Oregon state. Located directly to the east of these hills and mountains, the Puget Sound Lowlands stretches southward from the Canadian border to the Columbia River; and is home to Washington's major cities.
Lying to the west of Seattle is Puget Sound - a body of ocean water that provides access to the Pacific Ocean through the Strait of Juan de Fuca. It also contains numerous channels, estuaries, inlets, and islands including the San Juan Islands.
To the east of the Puget Sound Lowlands, the majestic snow-capped Cascades Mountain Ranges rise into the sky. This chain of volcanic peaks includes several forested mountain ranges such as Mt. Adams, Mt. Baker, Glacier Peak, and Mt. St. Helens. These mountains are drained by dozens of small rivers, and also contain many cold-water lakes. Situated in the Cascade Mountain range is the state’s highest point – Mount Rainier, which rises to an elevation of 14,410ft (4,392m). Washington’s lowest point is situated along the Pacific Ocean coastline (0ft).
The Columbia Plateau extends south from central Washington into the states of Idaho and Oregon. The plateau has been formed by ancient lava flows and is a landscape of deep, wide valleys and rugged mountains, including the Blue Mountains in the southeast. In the northeastern part of the state, the Rocky Mountains slice across the state, extending into Canada. The deep-valleyed Columbia Mountains are the most significant range. The Okanogan Highlands and the Selkirk Mountains occupy the extreme northeastern part of the state.
The state’s most significant river is the Columbia River. It rises in the Canadian province of British Columbia, and then flows south through the state of Washington, forming most of its natural border with Oregon. Other rivers of note include the Okanogan and the Snake rivers. The Baker, Chelan, and Ross are some of the state’s most significant lakes.
The State of Washington is divided into 39 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Adams, Asotin, Benton, Chelan, Clallam, Clark, Columbia, Cowlitz, Douglas, Ferry, Franklin, Garfield, Grant, Grays Harbor, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Kittitas, Klickitat, Lewis, Lincoln, Mason, Okanogan, Pacific, Pend Oreille, Pierce, San Juan, Skagit, Skamania, Snohomish, Spokane, Stevens, Thurston, Wahkiakum, Walla Walla, Whatcom, Whitman, and Yakima.
With an area of 184,827 sq. km, Washington is the 18th largest and the 13th most populous state in the USA. Located at the southern edge of Puget Sound is Olympia – the capital city of Washington. The manufacturing of plastics, industrial supplies, and commercial shipping are the main contributors to the city’s economy. Situated on the isthmus between Puget Sound and Lake Washington is Seattle – the largest city in Washington and the most populous city in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. Seattle also serves as the cultural center of the state and as a major hub of the IT and biotech industries. This seaport city is at present, the 4th largest container port in North America.
The State of Washington is located in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. Washington is bordered by the states of Oregon in the south; by Idaho in the east, and by the Canadian province of British Columbia in the north. It is also bounded by the Pacific Ocean in the west.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of Washington|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-WA|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021