Located on the West African coast, Liberia covers an area of 111,369 sq. km.
Four physiographic regions run nearly parallel to the Atlantic coast of the country. As observed on the physical map of Liberia, the elevation of the land gradually increases with distance from the coast.
The coastal plains are around 560 km long and 40 km wide and feature sandy beaches, lagoons, mangrove swamps, and some rocky outcrops.
Next is the region of rolling hills about 32 km wide and with an average elevation of 90 m.
Beyond that is a dissected plateau with scattered mountains.
Finally, there is a mountainous highland region to the north hosting the highest point in the country, the 1,440 m high Mount Wuteve which has been marked on the map by an upright yellow triangle.
The lowest point of the country is the Atlantic Ocean at 0m.
The country's major rivers include the Mano River in the northwest and the Cavalla River in the southeast.
The Cavalla is the longest river in the nation at 320 mi (515 km). It was named by 15th-century Portuguese navigators for the cavalla (or horse mackerel) found at its mouth.
Additional rivers of note are the Lofa, St. Paul, St. John and Cestos River, all of which flow into the Atlantic.
Liberia is divided into 15 counties which are subdivided into 90 and further into clans.
In alphabetical order, the 15 counties are Bomi, Bong, Gbarpolu, Grand Bassa, Grand Cape Mount, Grand Gedeh, Grand Kru, Lofa, Margibi, Maryland, Montserrado, Nimba, River Cess, River Gee, and Sinoe.
With an area of 11,551 sq. km, Nimba is the largest country and Montserrado is the most populous one.
The national capital of Monrovia is located in Montserrado.
Liberia is a country in West Africa. It is located in the Northern and Western Hemispheres. The three countries of Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Ivory Coast bound Liberia to the northwest, north, and east respectively. The Atlantic Ocean borders Liberia to the south-southwest.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Liberia|
|6 18 N, 10 48 W|
|Independence||26 July 1847|
|Total Area||111,369 km2|
|Land Area||96,320 km2|
|Water Area||15,049 km2|
|Total Border||1,667 km|
|Bordering Countries||Guinea 590 km, Cote d'Ivoire 778 km, Sierra Leone 299 km|
|Climate||Tropical; hot, humid; dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers|
|Coordinates||6 30 N, 9 30 W|
|Mean Elevation||243 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||1,447 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Kpelle 20.3%, Bassa 13.4%, Grebo 10%, Gio 8%, Mano 7.9%, Kru 6%, Lorma 5.1%, Kissi 4.8%, Gola 4.4%, Krahn 4%, Vai 4%, Mandingo 3.2%, Gbandi 3%, Mende 1.3%, Sapo 1.3%, other Liberian 1.7%, other African 1.4%, non-African .1% (2008 est.)|
|Languages||English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages few of which can be written or used in correspondence|
|Religions||Christian 85.6%, Muslim 12.2%, Traditional 0.6%, other 0.2%, none 1.5% (2008 est.)|
|Currency||Liberian dollars (LRD)|
|GDP Per Capita||$621.89|
|Exports||Rubber, timber, iron, diamonds, cocoa, coffee|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020