The West African country of Sierra Leone occupies an area of 71,740 sq. km. As observed on the physical map above, it has a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean.
Sierra Leone has four distinct physical regions.
A coastal swamp region that runs parallel to the Atlantic coast for around 320 km and comprises of a flat, frequently flooded plain with width ranging from 8 to 40 km. It is indented with many estuaries and creeks.
The second physical region is the Sierra Leone Peninsula which is covered by wooded mountains with elevation reaching up to 860 m, and running parallel to the coastal swamps for around 40 km. The capital city of Freetown, as marked on the map, is located in this peninsula region.
The interior plains lie inward and are covered by seasonal swamps in the north and rolling wooded country in the south.
Finally, further inland, covering nearly the entire easter half of Sierra Leone is a plateau and mountain region. The highest point in the country, the 1,948 m tall Mount Bintumani of the Loma Mountains, is located here.
Sierra Leone is drained by several rivers crisscrossing the country. Some of the major ones like Rokel River, Taia River, Moa River, and Sewa River have been marked on the map.
The country also has several islands on the Atlantic Ocean. Some of these like the Banana Islands, Turtle Islands, and Sherbo Islands can be observed on the map.
Sierra Leone is divided into four provinces and one area. The provinces are Eastern, Northern, North Western, and Southern. The area is called Western Area or Freetown Peninsula.
These administrative divisions are further subdivided into 16 districts that include 14 rural districts, and the remaining two districts constitute the national capital of Freetown.
The districts are divided into 186 chiefdoms. These are local government units headed by tribal, hereditary chiefs.
Sierra Leone is a West African country. It lies in the Northern and Western Hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by two countries; Guinea to the northeast and Liberia to the southeast. The South Atlantic Ocean borders it to the southwest.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Sierra Leone|
|8 29 N, 13 14 W|
|Independence||27 April 1961 (from the UK)|
|Total Area||71,740 km2|
|Land Area||71,620 km2|
|Water Area||120 km2|
|Total Border||1,093 km|
|Bordering Countries||Guinea 794 km, Liberia 299 km|
|Climate||Tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (may to december); winter dry season (december to april)|
|Coordinates||8 30 N, 11 30 W|
|Mean Elevation||279 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||1,948 m|
|Loma Mansa (Bintimani)|
|Ethnic Groups||Temne 35.5%, Mende 33.2%, Limba 6.4%, Kono 4.4%, Fullah 3.4%, Loko 2.9%, Koranko 2.8%, Sherbro 2.6%, Mandingo 2.4%, Creole 1.2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio), other Sierra Leone 4.7%, other foreign 0.3% (includes refugees from Liberia's civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians), unspecified 0.2% (2013 est.)|
|Languages||English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)|
|Religions||Muslim 78.6%, Christian 20.8%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.2% (2013 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$504.46|
|Exports||Iron ore, diamonds, rutile, cocoa, coffee, fish|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020