Australian States/Territories By Population Density

Canberra, the capital of Australia, is located in the Australian Capital Territory​, the territory with the densest population in the country.
Canberra, the capital of Australia, is located in the Australian Capital Territory​, the territory with the densest population in the country.

Australia is not a densely populated country – in fact, it is one of the least densely populated places in the world. Of all of the country's states and territories, Australian Capital Territory hosts the highest density of population in Australia at 445.89 persons per square mile. The nation is subdivided into six states and two territories which vary in population density. The densely populated regions attract large populations due to economic factors, favorable climate, steady housing, and bustling cities.

1. Australian Capital Territory

This territory serves as the center of government and it houses significant buildings including Parliament and the National Gallery of Australia. Lying between the cities of Melbourne and Sydney, the ACT occupies an area of 910 square miles. An estimated 390, 800 inhabitants live here. The territory has only one city namely Canberra which is the nation’s capital city and has a population density of 445.89 people per square mile. In the recent years, the ACT has experienced a surge in population due to increasing economic prosperity fueled by steady employment and a young population. 

2. Victoria

The state of Victoria boasts a population of 5,938,100 settled on an area of 87,805.8 Square miles and population density of 69.92 people per square mile. Melbourne, the country’s second populous city, is located in the state. The city is recognized as Australia’s cultural center due to its famous boutiques, graffiti laneways, and a thriving café scene. Other large cities in the state include Geelong, Barrat, and Bendigo. Victoria’s economy heavily relies on its natural gas and petroleum deposits. The Australian football rules have its roots in the state of Victoria.

3. New South Wales

New South Wales doubles up as the country’s most populous and oldest state. The state began as a penal colony in 1788 on the coast of Port Jackson, and it became an official state on January 1, 1901. New South Wales is home to Sydney, the country’s most populous and famous city. The city is a vibrant capital, complete with idyllic beaches, famous landmarks such as the Sydney Harbor Bridge, the Sydney Opera House, and walking trails. Other attractions in the state include the Blue Mountains, Hunter Valley, and world-class eateries. The state has a population of 7,618,200 people and covers an area of 309,129.2 square miles and the population density of 24.8 people per square miles.

4. Tasmania

The Bass Strait detaches Tasmania from mainland Australia, and it is Australia’s smallest territory, which occupies an area of 26,409.77 square miles to the country’s south. The state’s population totals 516, 600 and has a population density of 19.6 people per square mile. Tasmania was recognized as an Australian State in 1901. Hobart is the state’s capital city and the second oldest in Australia having been established in 1804. Tasmania’s landscape is mainly mountainous, and about 1/5th of its area are covered by national parks and the wilderness. Driving routes and walking trails have been established to serve the thousands of visitors that trickle into the island.

Population Tends In Australia

Australia's population is estimated to be 24 million people in 2017, and it is the world’s 52nd most populous country and the most populated Oceania country. The population is mainly concentrated in the urban areas, and it is estimated to reach over 28 million by 2030. Australia has an average population density of fewer than seven people per square mile and more than 89% of the population living in the urban areas making it one of the most urbanized countries in the world.

Which Australian States/Territories Have The Highest Density Of Population?

RankState / TerritoryPopulationArea (km²)Density (persons per km2)
1Australian Capital Territory390,8002,280171.40
3New South Wales7,618,200800,6419.52
6South Australia1,698,600983,4821.73
7Western Australia2,591,6002,529,8751.02
8Northern Territory244,6001,349,1290.18

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