What is the Population of Texas?

People bicycle in Houston, Texas.
People bicycle in Houston, Texas.

Texas is the second biggest American state by land area. Texas is in the Southern United States and borders the Mexican Gulf, four Mexican states (Tamaulipas, Coahuila, Chihuahua, and Nuevo Leon), and four American states (Arkansas, New Mexico, Louisiana, and Oklahoma). Texas has a population of over 28 million people, which makes it the most populated state in the country after California.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Texas had a population of about 25.1 million residents in 2010. The state experienced a population growth of 20.6% from 2000 (20,851,820) to 2010 (25,145,561). Texas surpassed New York during the 1990s to become the second most populous American state.


In 2010, over 70.4% of the residents in Texas were White Americans, 0.7% were American Indians, 3.8% Asian Americans, and were 11.8% African Americans. Some of the federally-recognized Indigenous groups that are native Texas include the Ysleta Del-Sur-Pueblo, Alabama-Coushatta, and the Kickapoo-Traditional Tribes.


The most widely used U.S. English accent in this state is Texan English. Texan English is a mixture of Western U.S. English dialects and Southern U.S. English dialects. According to the 2010 Census data, 65.8% of the Texans above five years old used English as a primary language, 0.75% spoke Vietnamese, and 29.21% conversed in Spanish. Chinese was the primary language of 0.56% of residents over five years old. Other languages used in Texas include French (0.25%), Tagalog (0.29%), and German (0.33%). Over 7.66 million Texans above the age of five speak non-English mother-languages.


Texas is home to some of the biggest churches in the country, including Lakewood Church, Prestonwood Baptist, and the Potter’s House. The state has the highest churches-per-capita in the United States. As of 2010, over 64.4% of Texans were Evangelical Protestants, 21.2% were Roman Catholics, and 8.1% were Mainline Protestants.


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