Society

The 50 US States Ranked By Population

California and Texas are the most populous U.S. states, while Wyoming and Vermont are the least populous.

The United States of America (USA) is a federal republic consisting of 50 states, a federal district and five other territories that are self-governing. The population of about 324 million people is spread across an area of 3.8 million square miles. The population varies from state to state depending on several factors. The US population distribution, like any other country, is centered around regions with strong economic activities. While the most populated states are California and Texas, the least populated states are Wyoming and Vermont. All numbers come from the July 2019 estimate of the US Census

Two Most Populated US States

California - 39,512,223

California is the most populated state in the US with a total population of 39,512,223. The state also happens to be one of the fastest-growing in the country. California is the third largest state by land area. On the economic front, the state of California has the highest output in the agricultural industry. The economy is concentrated on finance, real estate, business services, and the film industry. Chevron, Apple, and McKesson, three of the world’s largest firms, also have their headquarters in California. With such robust economic activities, the population is bound to be high as people look to exploit the available opportunities. If California were a country, it would rank as the 5th largest economy in the world.

Texas - 28,995,881

Texas is the second most populated state in the US with a population of 28,995,881. The state is the second-largest in the country by land area. Texas was earlier associated with the cattle industry, but oil discoveries in the state initiated an economic surge at the beginning of the twentieth century. The state invested in education and had developed into a diversified economy, leading in many industries such as energy, electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. The state of Texas has been a leader in export revenue since 2002. The strong economy and different economic opportunities keep attracting people to the state.

Two Least Populated States Of The US

Wyoming - 578,759

Wyoming is the least populated state in the country. It is home to only 578,759 people. Due to its large land area, Wyoming ranks as the second least densely populated state in the country. A lack of population centers and a relatively harsh climate are some of the reasons why Wyoming has not attracted a large population. One of the biggest industries in Wyoming is tourism. The state is home to a number of famous national parks including Yellowstone National Park

Vermont - 623,989

Vermont is the second least populated state in the country, with a total population of 623,989. Located in the country's New England region, the capital of Vermont is Montpelier. Like Wyoming, Vermont may have a low population due to its climate, which includes very harsh winters. The largest city in Vermont is Burlington. 

What is the Most Populated State?

California is the most populated state in the US with a total population of 39,512,223. The state also happens to be one of the fastest growing in the country. California is the third largest state by land area.

US States By Population 2020

RankState Population
1California39,512,223
2Texas28,995,881
3Florida21,477,737
4New York19,453,561
5Pennsylvania12,801,989
6Illinois12,671,821
7Ohio11,689,100
8Georgia10,617,423
9North Carolina10,488,084
10Michigan9,986,857
11New Jersey8,882,190
12Virginia8,535,519
13Washington7,614,893
14Arizona7,278,717
15Massachusetts6,892,503
16Tennessee6,829,174
17Indiana6,732,219
18Missouri6,137,428
19Maryland6,045,680
20Wisconsin5,822,434
21Colorado5,758,736
22Minnesota5,639,632
23South Carolina5,148,714
24Alabama4,903,185
25Louisiana4,648,794
26Kentucky4,467,673
27Oregon4,217,737
28Oklahoma3,956,971
29Connecticut3,565,287
30Utah3,205,958
31Iowa3,155,070
32Nevada3,080,156
33Arkansas3,017,804
34Mississippi2,976,149
35Kansas2,913,314
36New Mexico2,096,829
37Nebraska1,934,408
38West Virginia1,792,147
39Idaho1,787,065
40Hawaii1,415,872
41New Hampshire1,359,711
42Maine1,344,212
43Montana1,068,778
44Rhode Island1,059,361
45Delaware973,764
46South Dakota884,659
47North Dakota762,062
48Alaska731,545
49District of Columbia705,749
50Vermont623,989
51Wyoming578,759

About the Author

  • Benjamin Elisha Sawe
  • Writer

Benjamin Elisha Sawe holds a Bachelor of Arts in Economics and Statistics and an MBA in Strategic Management. He is a frequent World Atlas contributor. 

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