Where Is The Capital Of Cuba Located?
Havana is located on Cuba’s northern coast to the south of the coral cay archipelago of the Florida Keys. The Almendares River flows through this city. The city is based on low hills rising gently from the coast.
How And When Did Havana Become The Capital Of Cuba?
Havana was founded in the 16th century by the Spanish who found its strategic position ideal for serving as a base for the Spanish conquest of the island of Cuba. In 1592, Havana was granted the title of city by Spain’s King Philip II. The city expanded rapidly in the 17th century and by the 18th century, it had over 70,000 inhabitants. During this time, Havana was ranked as the third largest city in the Americas and Spain’s most significant port city. After a brief period of occupation by the British, Havana was recaptured by Spain who now established it as a heavily fortified city. The city flourished in the 19th century and in 1863, the city’s walls were knocked down to allow the expansion of the metropolis. In the 20th century, Cuba was occupied by the US and finally, on May 20, 1902, when the first president of Cuba took office after the end of the US rule, Havana became the capital of Cuba, now an independent state. Currently, Havana serves as the center of the government of Cuba.
Climate Of Havana
The people of Havana enjoy a pleasant climate for most of the year. The average temperature range from 22 °C to 28 °C with temperature hardly falling below 10 °C. Rainfall is heaviest in October while February to April is the driest period.
The Demographics Of The Capital City Of Cuba
Cuba has a population of 2.1 million inhabitants, as of 2012, accounting for about 19.1% of the population of the country.
The Economy Of The Capital City Of Cuba
In the past, Havana flourished as one of the New World’s thriving trade centers. The slave trade and sugar plantations brought in huge revenue that triggered the rapid development of the city. With the end of the colonial rule, the city became an important holiday resort for vacationers from all over the world. Currently, Havana is an important financial, commercial and industrial hub of Cuba. Important industries here are shipbuilding, textiles, tobacco, vehicle manufacturing, etc.
How To Reach Havana?
Being the capital city of Cuba and a major tourist destination, Havana has a well-developed transport infrastructure. Metrobus services connect inner city urban areas to each other. The Omnibus Metropolitanos service connects the city to the other towns and cities around Havana. The major international airport of the city, the José Martí International Airport lies at a distance of about 11 km from the city center. A small, domestic airport, the Playa Baracoa Airport, also serves the city. The Havana Suburban Railway is a railway network that connects the city to the rest of Cuba. The city also has an extensive road network and ferry services.