World Facts

The World's Largest Country Subdivisions

The Sakha Republic, in Russia, is the world's largest country subdivision.


Country sub-division or sub-national entity is a part of the nation or any other region which is delineated for administrative purposes. These subdivisions have a certain degree of autonomy, and they manage themselves via their local governments. Some of the most significant sub-divisions and autonomous territories in the world include:

The 6 Largest Country Subdivisions in the World

1) The Sakha Republic

Sakha is a subject of the Russian Federation with a population of over 958,528 (as per the 2010 census) which is mainly made up of Russians and Yakuts. The Sakha Republic is the most significant sub-national governing body in the world by area at 1,190,555 sq mi. Sakha is the eighth largest territory on earth which is almost the same size as Argentina. The capital of Sakha Republic is Yakutsk city, and it is one of the autonomous Turkic republics of Russia.

2) Western Australia

Western Australia occupies the western third of the country and is bounded by South Australia on the southeastern part, the northern territory on the north-eastern side, southern ocean, and Great Australian bright to the south side and the Indian Ocean on the west and north parts. Occupying an area of approximately 976,790 sq mi, Western Australia is the most significant state in the country and the second in the world. The state has a population of over 2.6 million people with 92% of the population living in the southwestern corner of Western Australia.

3) Krasnoyarsk Krai

The republic is subject of the Russian Federation with its administrative center in the Krasnoyarsk city (the 3rd largest Siberian city). Krasnoyarsk Krai is the third largest division on the globe and the second largest subject of the Russian Federation. The state occupies approximately 903,400 sq mi area which is about 25% of Canada's size. Krai is at the center of Siberia plus it covers almost half of the federal district of Siberia.

4) Greenland

Greenland is an independent constituent nation of Denmark kingdom which is on the eastern part of the Arctic Archipelago of Canada. The state has been culturally and politically associated with Europe for more than a millennium, and a majority of the people living here are the Inuit. Greenland is the largest island on earth, and ice sheet covers 75% of this state. Greenland is the least populated country in the world with a population of approximately 56,480 as at 2013. Greenland occupies an area of roughly 836,330 sq mi.

5) Nunavut

Nunavut is the most significant and newest northernmost Canadian territory which split from the northwestern provinces via the Nunavut act of April 1, 1999. The boundary was drawn in 1993, and the creation of this state was the first principal change on the political map of Canada. Nunavut is the most significant and second-least populated territory in Canada with a population of about 35,944. The state is about 680,000 sq mi in size which is almost the same size as Mexico.

6) Queensland

Queensland is the third most populated and the second-largest state in Australia. Queensland is the sixth largest sub-division occupying an area of about 715,309 sq mi with a population of over 4.75 million people. Queensland hosts ten of the massive Australian cities with the third biggest economy in Australia. Queensland’s warm tropical climate promotes tourism, the major industry in the state. The region is named after Queen Victoria who signed the letters which separate the land from the New South Wales on June 6, 1859.

The Benefits of the Country Sub-Division

Subdividing a country into different territories or provinces makes it easier for the central government to rule the region through the local governments. States like Greenland were linked with Europe for millenniums now, and it has been autonomous for long. Therefore the already efficient local government works under the Denmark kingdom. Subdividing a country makes it possible for the central government to distribute the national infrastructures equally.

The World's Largest Country Subdivisions

RankSubdivisionCountryArea (Kilometre Squared)
1Sakha RepublicRussia3,103,200
2Western AustraliaAustralia2,645,615
3Krasnoyarsk KraiRussia2,339,700
7AlaskaUnited States1,717,854
11Northern TerritoryAustralia1,420,968
12Northwest TerritoriesCanada1,346,106
14Tibet Autonomous RegionChina1,228,400
15Inner MongoliaChina1,183,000
17South AustraliaAustralia1,043,514
18British ColombiaCanada948,596
19Mato GrossoBrazil906,807
20New South WalesAustralia809,444


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