North America is entirely located in the Northern Hemisphere and bordered by the Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea, and the continent of South America. The continents of North America and South America form the two subcontinents of Americas. North America has a total area of 9.4 million square miles, accounting for 4.8% of the total earth surface. It is the third largest continent after Asia and Africa. The continent is subdivided into 23 countries and several other dependent territories. Here is a brief overview of the smallest countries in North America.
The Seven Smallest Countries in North America
The following countries have a total area of less than 1,000 square kilometers.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
At only 261 square kilometers, Saint Kitts and Nevis is the smallest country in North America. It is also the least populated country in North America with a population of 54,800 people. The island country is situated on the Leeward Islands and consists of two islands, Saint Kitts and Nevis, separated by a 3km wide shallow channel. Basseterre, the capital city, is located on the island of Saint Kitts.
Grenada, the second-smallest country in the continent, covers an area of 344 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 107,000 people. It is located in the southeastern Caribbean Sea and consists of the Island of Grenada and six other islands. St. George's is the capital of Grenada.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
The third smallest country is Saint Vincent and the Grenadines with a total area of 389 square kilometers. Its territory consists of the Island of Saint Vincent and two-thirds of Grenadines and has a population of 110,000 people.
Barbados covers an area of 432 square kilometers and is located in the Caribbean region, approximately 168 kilometers east of Saint Vincent and Grenadines. It has a population of 285,000 people, mainly the Kilinagos.
Antigua and Barbuda
Barbados is slightly smaller than Antigua and Barbuda which has a total area of 442 square kilometers. The territory of Antigua and Barbuda consists of two main islands; Antigua and Barbuda, and several other islands such as Long, York, and Great Bird among other islands, and is home to over 100,000 people.
Saint Lucia is an island country situated on the boundary of the eastern Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. With an area of 539 square kilometers, it is the sixth smallest country in North America. Saint Lucia has a population of about 178,000 people.
With an area of 751 square kilometers, Dominica completes the list of countries in North America with a total area of less than 1,000 square kilometers.
Did You Know?
Most of the smallest countries of North America are composed of the islands in the Caribbean. The countries are made up of one or more islands. About 80% of the continent of North America is occupied by two countries; Canada and the United States. All the North American countries except Mexico, Denmark, Canada, and the US, cover an area of less than 150,000 square kilometers. The population of the smallest North American countries is almost proportional to their areas.