World Facts

South American Countries By Area

Brazil is the largest and Suriname the smallest South American country by area.

Brazil ranks as the largest South American nation while Suriname is the smallest. South America occupies a total geographical area of 6,886,229.3 square miles, and it is home to 12 independent states.

The Largest Countries In South America


Brazil sits on an area of 3,287,956 square miles, making it the fifth-largest nation in the world. The country’s coastline stretches for 4,655 miles along the Atlantic Ocean. It shares borders with most of the other South American nations excluding Chile and Ecuador. Brazil’s landscape is diverse ranging from highlands, mountains, hills, scrublands, and plains. Brazil accounts for 47.3% of South America’s total area. It can also be quantified as the largest Latin American nation.


Argentina holds the title of the second largest nation in South America at 1,073,518 Square miles. It borders Brazil, Paraguay, Chile, and Uruguay. To the county’s east lies the South Atlantic Ocean while to the south is the Drake Passage. Argentina ranks as the second-largest country in Latin America and the eighth largest in the world. The country is divided into seven geographical territories which encompass areas of grasslands, plains, highlands, rivers, and forests.


The South American nation of Peru occupies an area of 19,159 square miles. It lies in the western part of the continent and borders Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, and Brazil. To the country’s west is the Pacific Ocean. Peru’s landscape is diverse, and features the Amazon rainforest, plains, plateaus, and the Andes Mountains. For administrative purposes, the country is divided into 25 regions in addition to the province of Lima.


Colombia occupies an area of 440,832 square miles in the northwestern part of South America. It also has territories in Central America. It has borders with Brazil, Panama, Peru, Venezuela, and Ecuador. Colombia is the only nation in South America to border both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Colombia ranks among the 26 largest countries in the world with a population of 49,120,104. The nation’s landscape is characterized by the Amazon rainforest, coastlines, plains, and the Andes Mountains range. It is recognized as one of the 17 megadiverse nations in the world.


Bolivia sits on an area of 424,164.5 square miles in the western-central region of South America. It is landlocked and borders Argentina, Peru, Chile, Paraguay, and Brazil. One-third of Colombia is made of the Andean Range while the rest of the landscape features tropical rainforests, dry valleys, tropical savanna, plateaus, rivers, and lakes. Geographically, Bolivia ranks as the largest landlocked nation in the Americas and the 28th largest country in the world.

Smallest Countries In South America

Suriname’s territory covers an area of 63,252 square miles to become the smallest state in South America. It has a coastline along the Atlantic and shares land borders with Guyana, French Guiana, and Brazil. Uruguay is South America’s smallest nation with an area of 69,898 square miles. It borders Brazil and Argentina as well as the Atlantic Ocean to its southeast and the Rio de la Plata to its south. Although Guyana is located in mainland South America, it is also recognized as being part of the Caribbean region. The country has an area of 83,000 square miles and a population of 735,909. Ecuador is South America’s ninth-largest country. Aside from its Pacific Coast, it also borders Peru and Colombia.

South American Countries By Area

RankCountryArea (km²)

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