Canada is the second largest country in the world. The country covers approximately 10 million square kilometers of land on Earth. Its population is 34 million people with the national capital city situated at Ottawa. Canada is distinctly divided into five regions namely the Atlantic Provinces, West Coast, Northern Territories, Central Canada, and the Prairie Provinces.
The Regions Of Canada
Named due to its close proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, the Atlantic region played a significant part in Canada’s history. The provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia were both original colonies that made up the founding of Canada in 1867. The economic activities within the region include mining, farming, fishing, and forestry. The Atlantic region is made up of four provinces namely Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland and Labrador.
The West Coast of Canada comprises of the province of British Columbia. It is the Pacific gateway to Canada. It is also the westernmost province with a valuable forestry industry.
The Northern Territories consist of Nunavut, Yukon Territory, and the Northwest Territories. Despite covering a third of Canada’s land area, these territories have a low population of only 100,000. The prevalent economic activities are mining, hunting, trapping, and fishing. The Northern Territories have been nicknamed “Land of the Midnight Sun” because of their summer daylight that may go on for 24 hours. The Yukon Territory holds the record for the lowest temperature ever recorded in Canada which was -63°C. Additionally, the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories is North America’s second longest river. It is 4,200 kilometers long.
The Central Canada Region refers to the cities and towns found near the St. Lawrence River and Great Lakes. The region consists of the provinces of Quebec and Ontario. More than half of the Canadian population lives in these two provinces. Consequently, the economy of the nation largely depends on them. In fact, three-quarters of all Canadian manufactured goods are produced in Ontario and Quebec. Quebec is Canada’s largest producer of hydro-electricity, pulp, and paper. Ontario, on the other hand, possesses Canada’s main financial center of Toronto.
The Prairie Region is made up of the provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan. It has some of the richest farmlands in the world with Saskatchewan commonly known as the “wheat province.” Alberta is known for its vast cattle ranches and large production of oil and gas. Manitoba province’s economic activities are mining, agriculture, and hydroelectric power.
Diversity In Canada
Canada is a diverse nation in terms of its culture, language, and politics. Indigenous Canadians consist of the Inuit, First Nations, and Métis. The rest of the population comprises of migrants from all parts of the world. English and French are the most widely spoken languages in the country.
The Regions of Canada
|Atlantic||Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick|
|Prairie||Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta|
|North||Nunavut, Northwest Territories, Yukon Territory|