The Largest Stadiums In Europe

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An aerial view of Camp Nou, Barcelona.

Europe has a long history of sporting activities dating back to the ancient Greek period. The oldest stadium built is the Olympia, which hosted the Olympic Games. The construction of modern stadiums began in the late Victorian era where stadiums were built for single purposes. Early stadiums were also constructed in the United Kingdom. The designs improved over time with increased development in architectural styles and knowledge. Later on, the constructions of ultra-modern multi-purpose stadiums developed. These modern stadiums have additional extensions such as roofing and elaborate structures like movable fields.

Camp Nou

Camp Nou, Spain’s and Europe’s largest stadium, was built between 1954 and 1957 and was later expanded in 1982. The stadium, owned by FC Barcelona, has a capacity of 99,354 and is one of the four stadiums in Spain with a five-star designation. In 1995 and 2008, renovations to the stadium increased its size and capacity and the addition of new structures such as shops, small training pitches, a chapel, and a museum. The stadium hosts activities such as football matches, a mass service by Pope John Paul II in 1982, musical concerts, and rugby matches such as the 2015 Rugby World Cup.

Wembley Stadium

Wembley Stadium in London is the second largest European, with a capacity of 90,000 people. A dome-shaped roof covers the entire seating area from weather elements. The stadium, owned by the Football Association, hosts various activities including football and rugby games, music concerts, weddings, and boxing matches. Since its opening in 2007, the stadium has hosted numerous England home games, and several other games such as the 2012 Olympic Games football tournament, the 2013 UEFA Championship League and is set to host the 2020 UEFA Euro.

Croke Park

The Croke Park Stadium in Dublin, Ireland has a capacity of 82,300, making it the third largest stadium in Europe. The stadium, opened in 1884, hosts Gaelic games, especially football, hurling, rugby, and Olympics. Renovations to the stadium began in 1984 and ended in 1991, increasing the capacity of the stadium to 80,000. Later improvements were divided into four phases spanning 14 years. At the end of the development stages, the stadium had new features such as hospitality facilities, increased seating capacity to 82,300, and the development of the Ali terrace and the Nally Stand. Croke Park is the largest European stadium without an associated host football team.

Twickenham Stadium

Twickenham Stadium in London is the fourth largest European stadium and the world’s largest rugby stadium with a capacity of 80,000. The rugby union stadium opened in 1909 and hosts rugby union fixtures. Matches played in the stadium include the annual World Rugby Sevens Series, the Middlesex Sevens, the Aviva Premiership finals, the World Rugby Women’s Sevens Series and the Rugby World Cup games in 1991, 1999, and 2015. Renovations and redevelopments have been made several times since it was built.

Design Of European Stadiums

As most European stadiums were built for football, they adopt a rectangular shape with tiers constructed around the fields. However, recent developments and an increase in multipurpose stadia have seen developments of newer designs. The Westfalenstadion in Germany, Stade de France, Stadio Giuseppe Meazza, Santiago Bernabeu Stadium, the Luzhniki stadium, and the Ataturk Olympic Stadium are some of the larger stadiums in Europe.

The Largest Stadiums In Europe

1Camp Nou99,354Barcelona Spain1957
2Wembley Stadium90,000London England2007
3Croke Park82,300Dublin Ireland1884
4Twickenham Stadium82,000London England1909
5Westfalenstadion81,359Dortmund Germany1974
6Stade de France81,338Saint-Denis France1998
7Stadio Giuseppe Meazza81,277Milan Italy1926
8Santiago Bernabéu Stadium81,044Madrid Spain1947
9Luzhniki Stadium81,000Moscow Russia1956
10Atatürk Olympic Stadium76,092Istanbul Turkey2001
11Old Trafford75,635Manchester England1910
12Allianz Arena75,000Munich Germany2005
13Olympiastadion74,649Berlin Germany1936
14Millennium Stadium74,500Cardiff Wales1999
15Stadio Olimpico72,698Rome Italy1930
16Olimpiyskiy National Sports Complex70,050Kyiv Ukraine2012
17Baku National Stadium69,870Baku Azerbaijan2015
18Olympic Stadium of Athens (a.k.a. Spyros Louis Olympic Stadium)69,618Athens Greece1982
19Olympiastadion69,250Munich Germany1972
20Stade Vélodrome67,371Marseille France1937

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