Throughout Indian history, the subcontinent has seen the birth of some of the greatest and most vast empires in the ancient world some of these dynasties covered an area that is almost twice the size of current country of India. For instance the empire of Maurya covered an area of 5 million square kilometers and was in existence in the year 250 BC. On the other hand, the Maratha Empire was relatively recent and small in size covering an area of 2.5 million kilometers square and flourished between 1674 and 1818. Maratha dynasty was responsible for reestablishing of Hindu culture and religion in India.
The Largest Empires In The History Of India
It was the biggest and earliest empire in the, which was established by an Indian dynasty. The Maurya Empire began in 250 B.C.E and occupied an area of approximately 5,000,000 square kilometers.It emerged as a result of a combination of states in the northern India that created one state. Apparently, it developed during the time of the rise of Alexander the Great. Chandragupta Maurya was the founder of Maurya Empire. The policies and laws of the empire were formulated by Chanakya ministers, which led to the empire to thrive. The empire also signed treaties with the generals of Alexander the great where it conquered territories in Iran and Afghanistan.During the reign of Ashoka, Chandragupta's grandson, the Empire had conquered most of the Indian subcontinent. Further, Ashoka was well-known for embracing and reestablishing Buddhism after the conquest of Kalinga.
It was established in 1690 CE and occupied an area of 4,000,000 square kilometers. It was an empire that ruled parts of the Indian Subcontinent, Afghanistan, and Balochistan. The Mughal Empire was established by the Mongol ruler when he overpowered Ibrahim, the Sultan of Afghanistan. Further, the Mughal Empire was referred as the "Gunpowder Empire", which preserved features of the Mongol customs, and embraced Islam into the empire. Additionally, higher taxes were imposed to meet the lifestyle of this emperor although there were no gains to the taxpayers. Economic wealth was considered a threat to the state security and therefore created internal dissatisfaction which partly contributed to the downfall of the empire.
The Gupta Empire was based in the Magadha region, and it conquered most of South Asia. It was established in 400 CE and occupied an area of around 3,500,000 square kilometers. This Empire was under the rule and leadership of Gupta. Apparently, at this time when Gupta Empire emerged, India prospered in its golden age and its height of its civilization where much of its popular literature and science were documented. However, during the Gupta Empire, social classes became inflexible and rigid, and the devolution of power to local leaders intensified. The Empire became stable, and it pushed out intruders such as the Huns for around two centuries.The main accomplishments of the Gupta Empire were intellectual and artistic achievements. Further, astronomical, and mathematical theories were first exposed during the reign of Gupta Empire. Unfortunately, the Gupta Empire collapsed because of constant disintegration and assault from local leaders.
India has had some of the greatest empires dating back to the 250 BCE. The Mauryan Empire was the earliest and covered the widest area of approximately 5 million square kilometers. The rulers were the Mauryan dynasty from starting from around 320 to 185 BC. The founder was Chandragupta Maurya. Other empires covered a relatively much smaller geographical location.
What Was the Largest Empire in Indian History?
The Mauryan Empire was the most expansive empire in India, ruled by the Maurya Dynasty from 322–185 BCE. The Mauryan Empire began in 250 B.C.E and occupied an area of approximately 5,000,000 square kilometers.It emerged as a result of a combination of states in the northern India that created one state.
The Largest Empires In The History Of India
|Rank||Empire||Approximate maximum extent (Area in km²)||Approximate date of maximum extent|
|1||Mauryan Empire||5,000,000||250 BCE|
|2||Mughal Empire||4,000,000||1690 CE|
|3||Gupta Empire||3,500,000||400 CE|
|4||Republic of India (for comparison)||3,287,263||Present|
|5||Delhi Sultanate||3,200,000||1312 CE|
|6||Maratha Empire||2,500,000||1760 CE|
|7||Kushan Empire||2,000,000||200 CE|
|8||Empire of Harsha||1,000,000||648 CE|
About the Author
Benjamin Elisha Sawe holds a Bachelor of Arts in Economics and Statistics and an MBA in Strategic Management. He is a frequent World Atlas contributor.
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