The country of Kazakhstan is located in Central Asia, with its borders extending from the Caspian Sea to the Altai Mountains. Kazakhstan is a former Soviet republic that achieved independence in 1991 and has since had nine different presidents. This article will discuss those who have served as president of Kazakhstan as well as the basic history and duties of the job.
Some of the prime ministers of Kazakhstan:
Karim Massimov was born in Astana, Kazakhstan in 1965. He then went on to graduate from People's Friendship University of Russia in Moscow and then studied in China at Wuhan University in Hubei. In 2001 he served as the Minister of Economy and Budget Planning and as the Minister of Transport and Communications. From 2006 to 2007 he also served as the deputy prime minister of the country. During this time, he worked to improve Kazakhstan's relations with Israel, Iran and China. In 2007 the Kazakh political shakeup took place when then Prime Minister Daniyal Akhmetov suddenly resigned his post following the increasing criticism he has been receiving from President Nursultan Nazarbayev. This led to Nazarbayev nominating Massimov for prime minister with him being appointed only two days after Akhmetov's resignation. In 2012 Massimov resigned as prime minister since President Nazarbayev wanted him moved to be the of chief of staff of the presidential office and to readjust the balance of power between government factions. In 2014 following the resignation of Serik Akhmetov, who was arrested a month later on for embezzlement and financial malfeasance, Massimov was once again appointed as prime minister. On September 8th 2016 Massimov was dismissed as prime minister and moved to be part of the country's National Security Committee following the stalling of the country's economy. Massimov is the only prime minister to serve two separate terms since the country gained independence.
Bakhytzhan Sagintayev (Incumbent)
Bakhytzhan Sagintayev was born in the Talas District of Kazakhstan in 1963. Following his graduation from Kazakh State University with a degree in economic sciences he worked as a teacher of political economy at the Almaty Institute of National Economy. From 1988 to 1992 he then worked as an assistant at the sociology department of his alma mater. In 1992 he started his political career by working as the Deputy Chairman of the Agency for Small Business Support and as the Deputy Chairman of the Agency for Regulation of Natural Monopolies, Competition Protection and Small Business Support of Kazakhstan. He held both of these posts until 2002 and was also appointed as the Deputy Governor of the Zhambyl region in 1998. From 2002 until 2004 he was the First Deputy Chairman of the Agency for Regulation of Natural Monopolies and Competition Protection of Kazakhstan. From to 2007 he was the head of the Agency for Regulation of Natural Monopolies and then from 2007 to 2008 he was the head person from the Prime Minister’s Office of Kazakhstan. From 2008 to 2012 he was the Governor of Pavlodar region. In 2012 he became the Minister of Economic Development and Trade and the following year he was appointed as First Deputy Prime Minister by the president. His political career culminated this September when has appointed as prime minister following the dismissal of Karim Massimov.
The history and duties of the Prime Minister of Kazakhstan:
The first prime minister of Kazakhstan was elected in 1991, but it was not until the 1995 Constitution of Kazakhstan, that the government of the country was outlined. According to the Article two, section one of the Constitution of Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan is a unitary state with a presidential form of government. The president of Kazakhstan serves as the head of state and is the one who nominates the prime minister, who serves as the head of government at the pleasure of the president. The prime minister of Kazakhstan is also the person who chairs the Cabinet of Ministers, which is made up of 16 ministers and 3 deputy prime ministers.
|Prime Ministers of Kazakhstan Since 19991||Term(s) in Office|
|Karim Massimov||2007-2012; 2014-2016|
|Bakhytzhan Sagintayev (Incumbent)||2016-Present|