Cuba, officially known as the Republic of Cuba, is located on the northern side of the Caribbean Sea which coincides with the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. It comprises of the island of Cuba, Isla de la Juventud, and other minor collections of islands. It covers an area of 42,426 square miles with a population of approximately 11 million thus making it the largest and second most populous island in the Caribbean. The office of the president was established in 1976. The president is officially known as the president of the council of state and is appointed by the legislative National Assembly of People’s Power (NAPP). The president is both the head of the council of the state of Cuba as well as the head of the government. The president serves for a term of five years and it is only renewable once.
Presidents Of Cuba Since 1909
José Miguel Gómez
José Miguel Gómez was born on July 6, 1858 in Sancti Spiritus, Cuba. He was one of the leaders of the rebel forces during the Cuban War of Independence. Gómez succeeded Tomas Estrada Palma after winning the elections in 1908 in the Liberal Party of Cuba. He took office on January 28th, 1909 and was liked by various citizens, though, during his term, political corruption and scandals occurred and was at its peak. During the country’s elections in 1913, Gomez was defeated by Mario Garcia.
Mario Garcia Menocal
Mario Garcia Menocal was born on December 17, 1866 at Jaguey Grande in Matanzas, Spanish Cuba. He succeeded Jose Miguel Gomez and was the President of Cuba from 1913 to 1921 which saw the participation of Cuba in the First World War. During his first term, Mario showed his strong support for businesses and corporations, but after his reelection in 1916, he declared war on the German Empire thus the joining the first world war.
Fulgencio Batista Zaldivar was born on January 16, 1901 in Banes, Cuba and rose to power in 1933 through the revolt that sought to overthrow the authoritarian rule of Gerardo Machado. He was elected the president of Cuba and took office on October 10, 1940 to October 10, 1944. He lived in Florida after the first term and in 1952, he went back to Cuba to run for the presidency again in which he lost. He therefore led a military coup and clinched the presidency again. His second term saw the exploitation of the poor citizens by grabbing of land and awarding them to foreigners from the United States where he received financial, logistical, and military support.
Fidel Castro, born on August 13, 1926 in Biran, Oriente. He studied law at the University of Havana. He was a Cuban revolutionary and a politician who served as the country’s sixteenth prime minister from February 16, 1959 to December 2, 1976. He also led the Cuban revolution which was against the authoritarian ruling of President Fulgencio Batista. He was the first president of the council of ministers of Cuba where he served from December 2, 1976 to February 24, 2008 where he was succeeded by Raul Castro, his brother.
Raul Castro, the current president of Cuba, was an important figure in the political activities due to the powers held by his brother Fidel Castro. He was the first vice-president of the council of ministers hence was a commander of the armed forces during the Cuban Revolution. After the illness of Fidel Castro, he was the acting president of the council of ministers from July 31, 2006 to February 24, 2008 until he assumed office.
Roles of the President of Cuba
The president of Cuba is to propose to the NAPP the members of the council of ministers and accept their resignation. He also presides over the National Defense Council and declares a state of emergency in those cases provided for in the constitution. The presidents also assume all the other duties assigned to the presidency by law.
Presidents Of Cuba Since 1909
|Cuban Presidents Since 1909||Term(s) in Office|
|José Miguel Gómez||1909-1913|
|Mario García Menocal||1913-1921|
|Alfredo Zayas y Alfonso||1921-1925|
|Multiple Interim Leaders||1934-1936|
|Miguel Mariano Gómez||May to December of 1936|
|Federico Laredo Brú||1936-1940|
|Fulgencio Batista||1940-1944; 1952-1959|
|Carlos Prío Socarrás||1948-1952|
|Manuel Urrutia Lleó||January to July of 1959|
|Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado||1959-1976|
|Raúl Castro (Incumbent)||2008-Present|