World Facts

Major Cities in Quebec

Montreal is Quebec's most populated city.

Quebec is a province in Canada that occupies an area of 595,391 square miles and has an estimated population of 8,439,925. It is bordered by the province of New Brunswick and four US states (New York, New Hampshire, Maine, and Vermont) to the south. Quebec is bordered by the province of Newfoundland and Labrador and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence to the east, by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay to the north, and by Hudson Bay, James Bay, and the province of Ontario to the west. It is the largest Canadian province by area, the second most populous province after Ontario, and the only province to have a population that is predominantly French-speaking.

The Top 4 Major Cities in Quebec

Montreal

Montreal is the second most populated municipality in Canada and the most populous in the province of Quebec. The city is centered on Montreal Island and various peripheral islands in the Hochelaga Archipelago, also known as the Montreal Islands. The City of Montreal had a population of 1,704,694 people in 2016, while the metropolitan area's population increased from 3,407,963 in 2011 to 4,098,927 in 2016. The city's official language is French and is spoken by 49.5% of Montreal residents. It is the second largest French-speaking city in the world, after Paris.

Quebec City

Quebec City is the capital and the second largest city in the province of Quebec. The city was the largest in Canada until the 19th century, when it succeeded by Montreal. Additionally, it is one of the oldest European settlements in North America, and Old Quebec was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985. Quebec City had a population of 531,902 in 2016 and its metropolitan region had a population of 800,296, which rank as the 11th and 7th largest in the country, respectively. Over 94.6% of Quebec City's population speaks French.

Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part)

The Ottawa-Gatineau region, also known as the National Capital Region, is the official federal designation for Ottawa, which is the national capital and is located in the province of Ontario, the city of Gatineau, which is located in the province of Quebec and is separated from Ottawa by the Ottawa River, and the surrounding urban and rural communities. The "National Capital Region" refers to the metropolitan area of Ottawa-Gatineau. Unlike federal cities in other nations, such as the Australian Capital Territory and the District of Columbia, USA, the National Capital Region is not an administrative or political entity, and its component cities are located in different provinces. The Ottawa-Gatineau region has a population of about 1,323,783, while the Quebec portion of the Federal City (Gatineau) had a population of over 276,245 in 2016, which is an increase from 236,329 in 2011.

Sherbrooke

Sherbrooke is a city in Quebec located at the confluence of the Magog and Saint-Francois rivers, in the southern part of the province. The city had a population of 161,323 in 2016, while the metropolitan region had a population of 212,105, ranking as the fourth largest in. The French language is spoken by about 90.6% of city residents, while other languages spoken in the city include English (5.6%), Persian, Serbo-Croatian languages, Arabic, and Spanish.

Other Large Cities in Quebec

Canada categorizes population centers into three groups: large urban (population greater than 100,000); medium (population between 30,000 and 99,999), and small (population between 1,000 and 29,999). In addition to Montreal, Quebec, Gatineau, and Sherbrooke, large urban areas in Quebec include Trois-Rivieres, which was the second permanent French settlement in the region and was founded in 1634, and Chicoutimi-Jonquiere. The province also has 13 population centers classified as medium in size.

The 10 Largest Cities in Quebec

RankCityPopulation (2011)
1Montreal3,407,963
2Québec696,946
3Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part)236,329
4Sherbrooke140,628
5Trois-Rivières126,460
6Chicoutimi - Jonquière106,666
7Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu83,053
8Châteauguay70,812
9Drummondville66,314
10Saint-Jérôme65,825

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