The New England region lies in the northeastern part of the United States of America on 71,991.8 square miles of land. It derived its name ‘New England’ from its history as a successful English settlement in America by the England Puritan Pilgrims. Today, six united states make up this region: Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine. Of these, Maine is the largest state with Rhode Island being the smallest. This region is bordered to the east, west, south, north and northeastern by Atlantic Ocean, New York, Long Island Sound, Quebec and New Brunswick respectively.
Its largest city in New England is Boston. New England is home to around 14 million people, around half of whom live in Massachusetts. Vermont is the least populated of the six constituent states of New England.
History of New England
By 1600, known inhabitants of the New England region included Mi'kmaq, Penobscot, Abenakis, Pequots, Mohegans, Wampanoag, Narragansetts and Pocumtucks peoples. Colonialism began in 1606 with major motivating factors being land acquisition and profitable trade. In 1620, English settlers began to settle in the Massachusetts region. It was in this year that the name "New England" came into vogue.
The War of American Independence, mounted in 1775, was considered a success as it led to the British retreating from Boston in 1776. Abolition of slavery, which was significant to state independence, happened by 1784. This region however showed reservations during the 1812 war between the United Kingdom and the United States in a bid to protect industrial interests of the New England region.
Significance of New England
This region was the most industrialized region of the United States by the year 1850. It played a critical role in industrialization in the American industrial revolution. The first cotton mill was established in the New England region in 1787. With inclusion of innovation, there was a burst in development in the textile industry. Its industrialization attracted immigrants who served as labor providers in the growing industries. Other than industrialization, this region made major strides in matters education and literacy as evidenced by its being famous in providing leadership in medicine and education fields in the 21st century. The New England region was in the frontline in abolition of slavery by hosting major anti-slavery movements.