Most of the land area on Earth sits below the sea level. Mount McKinley is the highest peak in the US at 6190.5m while Death Valley is the lowest point at 85m below the sea level. Most of the populations of US live in urban areas. Some of these metropolitan areas lie below 5m above sea level. A total of 17,520 square kilometers of urban land has an elevation below 5m. These cities include Delaware, Wyoming, and Oregon.
72% of Japans’ topography is mountainous with Mount Fuji being the highest mountain with an elevation of 3,776m. Due to several industries and economic activities in Japan, the rate of urbanization is quickly rising. However, of the total land area considered as urban, 9,225 square kilometers lie below 5m of elevation. The low elevation has not hindered the growth or population in these areas neither has it affected the rate of industrial growth.
Netherlands, as the name suggests means a lower country with only 50% of its land exceeding 1m above sea level. Most parts of Netherlands are below sea level and are man-made, reclaimed from the sea area. Most of its urban areas are below the sea level with 7,749 square kilometers of urban land under the elevation of 5m. Agriculture is suitable in these areas because of high soil fertility.
Thailand, Indonesia, Italy, India, Brazil, and France have a total of 25,000 square kilometers of urban land under the elevation of 5m above sea level. However, these towns and urban areas continue to thrive because of the various industries and urban facilities making them suitable for the population. Some of these urban centers in the low lying area are prone to flooding and occasionally experience floods, but necessary measures have been put in place for instance in Netherlands and USA to deal with effects of floods.
Countries With The Most Largest Low Lying Land Urban Area
|Rank||Country||Urban Land Area Below 5 meters in Elevation|
|1||China||23,929 square kilometers|
|2||United States||17,520 square kilometers|
|3||Japan||9,225 square kilometers|
|4||Netherlands||7,749 square kilometers|
|5||Thailand||4,274 square kilometers|
|6||Indonesia||4,193 square kilometers|
|7||Italy||3,839 square kilometers|
|8||India||3,699 square kilometers|
|9||Brazil||3,426 square kilometers|
|10||France||3,264 square kilometers|