The ultimate goal of athletes and countries competing in the Summer Olympic Games is to return home with a medal. Many countries have enjoyed success in these competitions, but more than 70 countries have never won a single medal in the Summer Olympics. A few countries who have never won a Summer Olympic medal are highlighted below.
Albania has participated in 8 Summer Olympic Games since 1972. Albanian athletes usually compete in wrestling, track, swimming, weightlifting, and shooting events. The National Olympic Committee of Albania has represented the Albanian team since 1972. The highest number of athletes representing Albania in a single Summer Olympics is 11, which occurred in 2008 and 2012. Other Games have included fewer than ten Albanian olympic competitors, and only a single athlete participated in the 2006 and 2010 Summer Olympics. Despite competing in 8 Games, Albania has never won a medal.
Since its debut in 1976, Andorra has participated in all 11 Summer Olympic Games. Andorran athletes compete in events such as cycling, athletics, judo, swimming, and shooting. The Comite Olimpic Andorra has represented the Andorra Olympic team since 1976. The number of athletes representing Andorra in the Summer Olympics has ranged from 2 to 8. Despite participating in all Games since 1976, Andorra has never won a medal, a fact often attributed to the small number of athletes the country sends to each competition.
The 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro was the 9th time Angola had participated in the Games. Angola first began competing in 1980, but the country did not participate in the 1984, in support of the Soviet boycott. The nation competes in various events including athletics, swimming, shooting, sailing, handball, judo, and rowing. Angola sent the most athletes (26) of all central African nations to the 2016 Olympic Games. However, despite participating in a total of 9 Summer Olympic Games, Angola has never won a medal.
Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda is a twin-island country located between the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea. The country has participated in 10 Olympic Games since 1976, missing only the 1980 competition as part of the American-led boycott. Athletes from Antigua and Barbuda have competed in track and swimming events in the Summer Olympics, but never won a medal.
The analysis above suggests sending a small number of athletes is a contributing factor as to why none of the countries have won any medals. The Olympic Games are extremely competitive and a country must have many players participating in various events to increase their chances of winning a medal.