The life expectancy of a population largely depends on the income and standard of living within a country. Access to adequate health facilities also plays an important role in increasing the life expectancy of a nation’s population. In Asia, there is a considerable disparity between the average life expectancies of the developed and developing economies across the continent. For example, Japan and Singapore have the first and third highest life expectancies in the world, respectively, while Afghanistan and Pakistan have one of the lowest life expectancies globally.
Nations With the Highest Life Expectancy in Asia
For over two decades, Japan has led the world in life expectancy. The average life expectancy of the Japanese population is 83.7 year. Japanese women live the longest, with an average life expectancy of 86.8 years. They live longer than their male counterparts, who have an average life expectancy of 80.5 years, and rank as the sixth longest-living male population in the world. It is a matter of debate as to what factors are responsible for the longevity of the Japanese people. The interplay of genetic and environmental factors could be crucial to the heightened survival of these people. The nation's high standard of living, the advanced healthcare facilities, and access to proper nutrition are all considered to contribute to the high life expectancy of the Japanese population.
With an average life expectancy of 83.1 years, Singapore ranks third in terms of countries with the world's highest life expectancies. The average life expectancy of Singaporean females is 86.1 years (the second highest globally), and the figure for men is 80.1 years. A World Health Organization (WHO) report claims Singapore spends the second highest in the world on health and medical science-related research, after South Korea. The nation's highly efficient road transport system ranks third globally in terms of the lowest mortality rate related to automobile accidents. The mortality rates in Singapore related to air pollution and cardiovascular diseases are also among the lowest in the world.
With an average life expectancy of 82.5 years, Israel has the eighth highest life expectancy in the world. The life expectancy in the country has increased by five years since in the beginning of the 21st century. Israeli men and women have average life expectancies of 80.6 and 84.3 years, respectively. The nation's healthcare system ranked fourth best in the world and in 2015, and Israel became the sixth healthiest nation globally. Israel's hospitals are equipped with modern infrastructure and well-trained medical professionals. It is a mandate in the country for all citizens to register themselves to one of the four officially recognized health insurance organizations. Israel is also a world leader in biomedical research.
4. South Korea
South Korea has the fourth highest average life expectancy in Asia. Research studies claim that South Korean women will have the highest life expectancy by 2030. It is believed that improvements in standard of living in South Korea have benefitted the health status of the population. Better healthcare facilities and child nutrition have increased the longevity, and most citizens have access to adequate healthcare systems. In 2017, Numebo ranked South Korea as the world’s second best in terms of the quality of the healthcare system. Cancer treatments in the country have yielded extremely favorable results, and South Korea has one of the best cancer survival rates among members of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). South Korea also has 9.56 beds per 1,000 of the population, which is the second highest of OECD nations.
The Maldives has the fifth highest life expectancy in Asia. The country has only recently implemented a universal health insurance scheme which ensures that every citizen has coverage. The island nation has 160 doctors per 10,000 population, and 445 nurses and midwives per 10,000 people. Although traditional healers are often trusted in remote parts of the country, awareness programs encourage citizens to seek the help of trained and qualified medical staff. Now, nearly 95% of the live births in Maldives are handled by qualified professionals. The country also attracts well-trained physicians from South Asian countries like India and Pakistan. The government also regularly conducts health awareness programmes, medical camps, and vaccination drives, to ensure healthier lives for Maldivians.
With a life expectancy of 78.2 years, Qatar has the highest life expectancy in the Middle East. Almost all births in the nation are attended by skilled health professionals. The infant mortality rate is low, at 8.3 per 100,000. The nation also has an efficient and safe traffic system with low mortality rates caused by road accidents compared to neighboring nations. Qatar spends the most on healthcare of any country in the Middle East, and citizens are all covered by a national health insurance program.
Asian Countries Where People Live the Longest
|Rank||Country||Overall Life Expectancy (Both Sexes)||Female Life Expectancy||Male Life Expectancy|
|8||United Arab Emirates||77.1||78.6||76.4|