World Facts

Where Are The Capital Cities Of The Canadian Provinces And Territories?

The capital cities of Canadian provinces and territories are also (with a few exceptions) the most populated cities of the provinces and territories in which they are located.

Canada has ten provinces and three territories, each of which has a capital city. From Victoria in the West to Charlottetown in the east, each of Canada's capital cities has its unique quality and identity. The Capital city of Canada is Ottawa, which was incorporated 1855 and derives its name from the Algonquin word for trade.

Edmonton, Alberta

Edmonton is the northernmost among major Canadian cities as well as the capital city of the province of Alberta. Due to the city's links to road, rail, and air transport, Edmonton is often referred to as the "Gateway to the North". Edmonton was founded in 1795, was incorporated as a town on January 9, 1892 and finally as a city on October 8, 1904. However, Calgary is the largest city in Alberta with Edmonton following in second place with a population of 932,546 as of 2016. The city boasts of large-scale oil sands together with large-scale diamond mining operations. Edmonton is an educational, cultural, and governmental hub whose residents are known as Edmontonians.

Toronto, Ontario

Toronto is the capital city of the Canadian province of Ontario. With a population of 2,731,571, it is the largest city in Canada and the fourth largest in North America by population after the cities of Mexico, New York, and Los Angeles respectively. The city of Toronto is the central point of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) which is Canada's most populated metropolitan area. GTA harbors the Golden Horseshoe which is a densely urbanized area that is home to approximately 9.2 million residents, more than 26% of the Canadian Population. Toronto is a center for finance, business, culture, and arts. The city is acknowledged as one of the world's most multicultural cities. Toronto was incorporated as a city on March 6th, 1834.

Quebec City, Quebec

Quebec City (Ville de Québec in French) is the capital city of Québec province in Canada. With a metropolitan population of 800,296 in July 2016, Québec City is the seventh largest metropolitan area in Canada and the second biggest city in Québec behind Montreal. The name Québec is derived from Kébec which an Algonquin word meaning 'where the river narrows.' Quebec City was founded by Samuel de Champlain in 1608 making it one of the oldest cities in North America. In 1985, UNESCO declared the surrounding ramparts of Old Québec as a World Heritage Site.

Whitehorse, Yukon

Established in 1898, Whitehorse is not only the capital city of Yukon but also the only city. Whitehorse is also the largest city in Canada's arctic region. As of 2013, the city's population was 27,889. The city derived its name from the White Horse Rapids.

Other Capital cities In Canada

The other Canadian capital cities include Victoria in the province of British Columbia whose largest city is Vancouver. Winnipeg in the Canadian provinces of Manitoba, Fredericton in the province of New Brunswick whose largest city is Saint John. St. John's is also the capital city of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Halifax is the capital city of Nova Scotia, Charlottetown is the capital city of Prince Edward Island, and Regina is the capital city of Saskatchewan. Yellowknife and Iqaluit are the capital cities of the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut respectively.

Which Are The Capital Cities Of The Canadian Provinces And Territories?

Province/ TerritoryAbbreviationCapital CityLargest City (if not the capital)
AlbertaABEdmontonCalgary
British ColumbiaBCVictoriaVancouver
ManitobaMBWinnipeg
New BrunswickNBFrederictonSaint John
Newfoundland and LabradorNLSt. John's
Nova ScotiaNSHalifax
OntarioONToronto
Prince Edward IslandPECharlottetown
QuebecQCQuebec CityMontreal
SaskatchewanSKReginaSaskatoon
YukonYTWhitehorse
NunavutNUIqaluit
Northwest TerritoriesNTYellowknife

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