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Peru Geography

Peru's Information

Flag of Peru
Land Area 1,279,996 km2
Water Area 5,220 km2
Total Area 1,285,216km2 (#19)
Population 30,741,062 (#43)
Population Density 24.02/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $410.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $13,000
Currency Sol (PEN)
More Information Peru
Largest Cities

The rugged Andes Mountains cover almost 40% of Peru. Hundreds of snowcapped peaks jut skyward here, with many exceeding 20,000 ft.

Fronting the Andes - from Ecuador to Chile - there's an arid and rocky narrow coastline; in essence, it's a sandy mountainous desert dissected by dozens of small rivers that flow into the Pacific.

In the east, the Andean Highlands slope gently down into the rivers and jungles of the Amazon; a heavily forested, relatively flat area, that stretches to its borders with Brazil and Chile.

The lowest part of Peru is in the far northeast; here the fertile land and jungles are irrigated by tributaries of the massive Amazon River.

And speaking of rivers, Peru is drained by many, including the Apurimac, Maranon, Napo and Ucayali - to name but a few.

Note that Peru shares control of Lake Titicaca with Bolivia, the world's highest navigable lake.

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Peru Trivia

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Peru?

The largest ethnic group of Peru is Native American, who make up 45% of the population.

Major Ethnic Groups Of Peru

Where is the Purus River?

The Purus River runs 1,995 miles through the South American nations of Brazil and Peru.

Where is the Purus River?

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