1. Home
  2. South America
  3. Peru

Peru Geography

Map of Peru
Locator Map of Peru

Peru's Information

Flag of Peru
Land Area 1,279,996 km2
Water Area 5,220 km2
Total Area 1,285,216 km2
Population 30,741,062
Population Density 23.92 / km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $410.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $13,000
Currency Sol (PEN)
Largest Cities
  • Lima (7,737,002)
  • Arequipa (841,130)
  • Callao (813,264)
  • Trujillo (747,450)
  • Chiclayo (577,375)
  • Iquitos (437,620)
  • Huancayo (376,657)
  • Piura (325,466)
  • Chimbote (316,966)
  • Cusco (312,140)

The rugged Andes Mountains cover almost 40% of Peru. Hundreds of snowcapped peaks jut skyward here, with many exceeding 20,000 ft.

Fronting the Andes - from Ecuador to Chile - there's an arid and rocky narrow coastline; in essence, it's a sandy mountainous desert dissected by dozens of small rivers that flow into the Pacific.

In the east, the Andean Highlands slope gently down into the rivers and jungles of the Amazon; a heavily forested, relatively flat area, that stretches to its borders with Brazil and Chile.

The lowest part of Peru is in the far northeast; here the fertile land and jungles are irrigated by tributaries of the massive Amazon River.

And speaking of rivers, Peru is drained by many, including the Apurimac, Maranon, Napo and Ucayali - to name but a few.

Note that Peru shares control of Lake Titicaca with Bolivia, the world's highest navigable lake.

Latest by WorldAtlas