1. Home
  2. South America
  3. Colombia

Colombia Geography

Map of Colombia
Locator Map of Colombia

Colombia's Information

Flag of Colombia
Land Area 1,038,700 km2
Water Area 100,210 km2
Total Area 1,138,910 km2
Population 47,220,856
Population Density 41.46 / km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $688.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $14,100
Currency Peso (COP)
More Information Colombia Maps
Largest Cities
  • Bogota (7,674,366)
  • Cali (2,392,877)
  • Medellin (1,999,979)
  • Barranquilla (1,380,425)
  • Cartagena (952,024)
  • Cucuta (721,398)
  • Bucaramanga (571,820)
  • Pereira (440,118)
  • Santa Marta (431,781)
  • Ibague (421,685)

Fronted by the Caribbean and Pacific lowlands, as well as the eastern Amazon lowlands that extend to its borders with Brazil and Venezuela, the western third of Colombia is crossed by three rugged parallel ranges of the Andes Mountains, namely the Eastern, Central, and Western Cordilleras.

Many rivers rise in the upper elevations of the Andes, and the most significant include the Cauca, Magdalena and Putumayo.

The Cauca and Magdalena (which flow northward) separate the three principal Andean mountain ranges, eventually merging and then ending in the Caribbean Sea.

Latest by WorldAtlas