Fronted by the Caribbean and Pacific lowlands, as well as the eastern Amazon lowlands that extend to its borders with Brazil and Venezuela, the western third of Colombia is crossed by three rugged parallel ranges of the Andes Mountains, namely the Eastern, Central, and Western Cordilleras.
Many rivers rise in the upper elevations of the Andes, and the most significant include the Cauca, Magdalena and Putumayo.
The Cauca and Magdalena (which flow northward) separate the three principal Andean mountain ranges, eventually merging and then ending in the Caribbean Sea.
|Land Area||1,038,700 km2|
|Water Area||100,210 km2|
|Total Area||1,138,910km2 (#25)|
|Government Type||Presidential Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$688.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$14,100|