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Bolivia History Timeline

Bolivia's Information

Flag of Bolivia
Land Area 1,083,301 km2
Water Area 15,280 km2
Total Area 1,098,581km2 (#27)
Population 10,969,649 (#81)
Population Density 10.13/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $78.66 Billion
GDP Per Capita $7,200
Currency Boliviano (BOB)
More Information Bolivia
Largest Cities

1500s - 1800s

  • (1538) Spain seized Bolivia
  • (1545) Silver discovered in Cerro Rico mountains
  • (1548) La Paz founded by Alonso de Mendoza
  • (1561) Santa Cruz founded
  • (1809-1925) Bolivian War of Independence
  • (1825) Bolivia declared independence from Spain and Peru
  • (1836-1839) Peru-Bolivian Confederation; war with Chile and Argentina
  • (1839) Battle of Yungay, Chile defeated Peruvian-Bolivian army
  • (1842) Peace agreement with Peru
  • (1879-1883) War of the Pacific, lost nitrate-rich Atacama to Chile
  • (1899) La Paz became seat of government and administrative capital, Sucre the official capital
  • (1903) War of the Pacific officially ended
  • (1907) Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid were killed by soldiers after robbing a mine
  • (1928) Paraguay disputed territory of Chaco Boreal; oil discovered in foothills of Andes
  • (1932-1935) Chaco War with Paraguay; discovered there was no oil
  • (1942) Victor Paz Estensorro founded National Revolutionary Movement
  • (1952-1956) Victor Paz Estensorro served first of four terms as president; guerrilla leader Che Guevara organized National Liberation Army
  • (1967) Che Guevara attempted to incite a revolution; executed
  • (1971-1978) Colonel Hugo Banzer Suarez ruled as a military leader
  • (1982-1985) Hernan Siles Zuazo became president again, restored democracy after 18 years of military rule
  • (1990) Land reforms in favor of indigenous people
  • (1996) Dinosaur footprints discovered near Sucre; land reform agreement with landowners and Indian chiefs
  • (1999) Bush fires destroyed hundreds of thousands of acres of farmland
  • (2004) Protests erupted over gas export deal with Argentina; government won people's referendum on gas exports
  • (2006) Evo Morales elected president; nationalized gas, other energy industries, redistributed land
  • (2007) State of emergency declared after months of heavy rain and floods

Bolivia Trivia

What Is The Capital Of Bolivia?

While the majority of countries around the world have established one specific city as the political capital, this is not the case in Bolivia. In this country, the 3 branches of government are divided between two cities: Sucre and La Paz. Sucre is the center for the judicial branch and La Paz is the seat of both the executive and legislative branches. The story behind this division in government has its roots in the Spanish colonial area

What Is The Capital Of Bolivia?

What Kind of Government Does Bolivia Have?

Bolivia, a landlocked country located in South America, carries out its government via a presidential representative democratic republic. Under this political framework, the President is both the Head of State and the Head of Government.

What Type Of Government Does Bolivia Have?

What Languages are Spoken in Bolivia?

The Constitution of Bolivia was adopted in 2009, and specified the country's official languages. Bolivia has one of the highest numbers of official languages in the world, with 39 languages being lawfully recognized as official. The major native languages in Bolivia that have more than a million speakers are Quechua and Aymara. Castilian is the Spanish dialect used in Bolivia, with speakers found all over the country.

What Languages are Spoken in Bolivia?

What is Bolivia famous for?

Bolivia is endowed with a rich cultural heritage and immense natural wealth. The country boasts a diverse geography, which is divided into several ecosystems: tropical savanna, tropical rainforest, the altiplano, arid valleys, and the Andes mountains.

What Is Bolivia Famous For?

What are the ethnic groups of Bolivia?

The majority of Bolivians are either Native South American or of mixed Native American and European ancestry. The Mestizo ethnic group makes up 70% and Indigenous Bolivian makes up 20%.

Ethnic Groups Of Bolivia

What Are The Native Plants Of Bolivia?

Bolivia is one of the world’s most biodiverse countries and is home to over 17,000 species of vascular plants. Some of the native plants of the country include Amazon Sword Plant, Bolivian Begonia, Mistol, Fire Flag, Cuplet Fern, etc.

Native Plants Of Bolivia

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