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Bolivia Geography

Bolivia's Information

Flag of Bolivia
Land Area 1,083,301 km2
Water Area 15,280 km2
Total Area 1,098,581km2 (#27)
Population 10,969,649 (#81)
Population Density 10.13/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $78.66 Billion
GDP Per Capita $7,200
Currency Boliviano (BOB)
More Information Bolivia
Largest Cities

Bolivia's western half is covered by the Andes, as three meandering high mountain chains dominate the landscape.

The Cordillera Occidental (in the west) is a long line of mostly bleak, dormant volcanoes; the Cordillera Central stands in the middle, while the (eastern) Cordillera Oriental is a massive snow-capped series of stunning granite mountains.

The Altiplano (a high plateau) is sandwiched between the cordilleras. Once just deep valleys (or rifts) between the three mountain ranges, over eons of time it filled with sedimentary debris washed down from the surrounding peaks.

The eastern slopes of the Cordillera Oriental descend gently into rolling hills; numerous rivers flow eastward here, forming long narrow valleys. Northeast of La Paz, the landscape descends into fertile semitropical valleys, drained by narrow rivers. The southeast is covered by semi-arid plains that turn swampy during heavy rains.

Bolivia's Altiplano contains several salt flats, the dried remnants of ancient lakes; Uyuni Saltpan is the largest one, covering almost 3,500 sq miles.

Deep and cold, Lake Titicaca, 3,810 meters above sea level, is the highest navigable body of water in the world; salty Lake Poopo is the largest inland lake, varying greatly in size based on rainfall.

Most of Bolivia's significant rivers (or rios) are located central and north. Countrywide, important ones included the Beni, Desaquadero, Guapore, Madre de Dios and Mamore.

This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Bolivia Trivia

What Is The Capital Of Bolivia?

While the majority of countries around the world have established one specific city as the political capital, this is not the case in Bolivia. In this country, the 3 branches of government are divided between two cities: Sucre and La Paz. Sucre is the center for the judicial branch and La Paz is the seat of both the executive and legislative branches. The story behind this division in government has its roots in the Spanish colonial area

What Is The Capital Of Bolivia?

What Are The Native Plants Of Bolivia?

Bolivia is one of the world’s most biodiverse countries and is home to over 17,000 species of vascular plants. Some of the native plants of the country include Amazon Sword Plant, Bolivian Begonia, Mistol, Fire Flag, Cuplet Fern, etc.

Native Plants Of Bolivia

What Languages are Spoken in Bolivia?

The Constitution of Bolivia was adopted in 2009, and specified the country's official languages. Bolivia has one of the highest numbers of official languages in the world, with 39 languages being lawfully recognized as official. The major native languages in Bolivia that have more than a million speakers are Quechua and Aymara. Castilian is the Spanish dialect used in Bolivia, with speakers found all over the country.

What Languages are Spoken in Bolivia?

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Bolivia?

Bolivia is rich in a wide variety of natural resources including oil, natural gas, arable land, and the nation's beautiful scenery.

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Bolivia?

What are the ethnic groups of Bolivia?

The majority of Bolivians are either Native South American or of mixed Native American and European ancestry. The Mestizo ethnic group makes up 70% and Indigenous Bolivian makes up 20%.

Ethnic Groups Of Bolivia

What Kind of Government Does Bolivia Have?

Bolivia, a landlocked country located in South America, carries out its government via a presidential representative democratic republic. Under this political framework, the President is both the Head of State and the Head of Government.

What Type Of Government Does Bolivia Have?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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