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Australia Geography

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Australia's Quick Facts

Land Area 7,682,300 km2
Water Area 58,920 km2
Total Area 7,741,220 km2
Population 22,992,654
Population Density 2.97 / km2
Government Type Parliamentary Democracy (Federal Parliament) Under A Constitutional Monarchy; A Commonwealth Realm
GDP (PPP) $1.19 Trillion
GDP Per Capita $48,800
Currency Dollar (AUD)
Largest Cities
  • Melbourne (4,967,733)
  • Sydney (4,925,987)
  • Brisbane (2,406,182)
  • Perth (2,041,959)
  • Adelaide (1,336,403)
  • Gold Coast-Tweed Head (699,226)
  • Canberra (457,330)
  • Newcastle-Maitland (450,360)
  • Sunshine Coast (346,829)
  • Central Coast (334,922)
Australia Landforms

Note: Australia is extremely dry, with about 35 percent of the country receiving very little rain (if any). Almost 20 percent of available land is some form of desert.


Considered the largest solitary rock on the planet, its red sandstone surface smoothed by high winds over time is revered as a holy place and called


by the aboriginal peoples It's 1,143 ft. (348 m) high.


Described as the world's "

last wilderness,

" and as one of the "

wildest unexplored wilderness area on the planet,

" Cape York is home to jagged-tooth mountains, tropical rainforests, extensive mangrove forests, grasslands, swamps and fast moving rivers.


The Darling River, 1,160 miles (1,879 km) in length, flows southwest from the edges of the Great Dividing Range into the Murray River. The Murray rises in the Australian Alps and flows 1,200 miles (1,930 km) to the Spencer Gulf, directly west of Adelaide. It's the longest river in Australia and is a vital source of irrigation for the country's major agricultural industries.


This low mountain range runs through far southwestern Australia. Its highest point is Mt. Cooke at 1,910 Ft. (580 m).


Located along Australia's Coral Sea coastline, to the north of Brisbane (

and not shown on this map

), Fraser Island is Australia's fourth largest island (after Tasmania, Melville Island and Kangaroo Island), and the largest sand island in the world. Created by the action of wind over thousands of years, the island is 120 km long and about 15 km wide.

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