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Australia Geography

Australia's Information

Flag of Australia
Land Area 7,682,300 km2
Water Area 58,920 km2
Total Area 7,741,220km2 (#6)
Population 22,992,654 (#56)
Population Density 2.99/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Democracy (Federal Parliament) Under A Constitutional Monarchy; A Commonwealth Realm
GDP (PPP) $1,190.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $48,800
Currency Dollar (AUD)
More Information Australia
Largest Cities

About Australia

Australia Landforms
Note: Australia is extremely dry, with about 35 percent of the country receiving very little rain (if any). Almost 20 percent of available land is some form of desert.

AYERS ROCK (Uluru)
Considered the largest solitary rock on the planet, its red sandstone surface smoothed by high winds over time is revered as a holy place and called Uluru by the aboriginal peoples It's 1,143 ft. (348 m) high.

CAPE YORK PENINSULA
Described as the world's "last wilderness," and as one of the "wildest unexplored wilderness area on the planet," Cape York is home to jagged-tooth mountains, tropical rainforests, extensive mangrove forests, grasslands, swamps and fast moving rivers.

DARLING/MURRAY RIVER SYSTEM
The Darling River, 1,160 miles (1,879 km) in length, flows southwest from the edges of the Great Dividing Range into the Murray River. The Murray rises in the Australian Alps and flows 1,200 miles (1,930 km) to the Spencer Gulf, directly west of Adelaide. It's the longest river in Australia and is a vital source of irrigation for the country's major agricultural industries.

DARLING RANGE
This low mountain range runs through far southwestern Australia. Its highest point is Mt. Cooke at 1,910 Ft. (580 m).

FRASER ISLAND
Located along Australia's Coral Sea coastline, to the north of Brisbane (and not shown on this map), Fraser Island is Australia's fourth largest island (after Tasmania, Melville Island and Kangaroo Island), and the largest sand island in the world. Created by the action of wind over thousands of years, the island is 120 km long and about 15 km wide.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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Australia territories, states & their capitals

Region Capital Quick Reference
Australian Capital Territory Canberra Australian Capital Territory
New South Wales Sydney New South Wales
Northern Territory Darwin Northern Territory
Queensland Brisbane Queensland
South Australia Adelaide South Australia
Tasmania Hobart Tasmania
Victoria Melbourne Victoria
Western Australia Perth Western Australia

Australia Trivia

What is the Biggest State and Territory in Australia?

The biggest territory in Australia is Western Australia, which has a land area of 2.5 square kilometers. Queensland is the largest state with a land area of 1.7 square kilometers.

Australian States and Territories By Population

What is the Official Language of Australia?

English is the de facto national language of Australia.

What Languages Are Spoken In Australia?

What Are the Major Ethnic Backgrounds of Australians?

67.4% of Australians cite British heritage. 8.7% of Australians claim Irish ancestry, 3.8% claim Italian, and 3.7% claim German. Australians of Chinese heritage represent 3.6% of the population, while Aboriginal Australians account for 3% of the population.

Demographics and Ethnic Groups of Australia

What are the Major Industries in Australia?

The service industry comprises of over 70% of the Australia GDP. It dominates the economy, which employs over 79% of the labor force. Other major industries include tourism, healthcare, media, finance, and mining.

What Are The Biggest Industries In Australia?

What is the Largest Desert in Australia?

With an area of 348,750 square km, the Great Victoria Desert is Australia's largest desert.

The Largest Deserts In Australia

What are Australia's Main Agricultural Exports?

The main agricultural exports of Australia include beef, wheat, meat, and wool.

Top 10 Agricultural Exports Of Australia

States & Territories of Australia

This page was last updated on July 12, 2016.