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Australia Geography

Australia's Information

Flag of Australia
Land Area 7,682,300 km2
Water Area 58,920 km2
Total Area 7,741,220km2 (#6)
Population 22,992,654 (#56)
Population Density 2.99/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Democracy (Federal Parliament) Under A Constitutional Monarchy; A Commonwealth Realm
GDP (PPP) $1,190.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $48,800
Currency Dollar (AUD)
More Information Australia
Largest Cities

About Australia

Australia Landforms
Note: Australia is extremely dry, with about 35 percent of the country receiving very little rain (if any). Almost 20 percent of available land is some form of desert.

AYERS ROCK (Uluru)
Considered the largest solitary rock on the planet, its red sandstone surface smoothed by high winds over time is revered as a holy place and called Uluru by the aboriginal peoples It's 1,143 ft. (348 m) high.

CAPE YORK PENINSULA
Described as the world's "last wilderness," and as one of the "wildest unexplored wilderness area on the planet," Cape York is home to jagged-tooth mountains, tropical rainforests, extensive mangrove forests, grasslands, swamps and fast moving rivers.

DARLING/MURRAY RIVER SYSTEM
The Darling River, 1,160 miles (1,879 km) in length, flows southwest from the edges of the Great Dividing Range into the Murray River. The Murray rises in the Australian Alps and flows 1,200 miles (1,930 km) to the Spencer Gulf, directly west of Adelaide. It's the longest river in Australia and is a vital source of irrigation for the country's major agricultural industries.

DARLING RANGE
This low mountain range runs through far southwestern Australia. Its highest point is Mt. Cooke at 1,910 Ft. (580 m).

FRASER ISLAND
Located along Australia's Coral Sea coastline, to the north of Brisbane (and not shown on this map), Fraser Island is Australia's fourth largest island (after Tasmania, Melville Island and Kangaroo Island), and the largest sand island in the world. Created by the action of wind over thousands of years, the island is 120 km long and about 15 km wide.

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Australia territories, states & their capitals

Region Capital Quick Reference
Australian Capital Territory Canberra Australian Capital Territory
New South Wales Sydney New South Wales
Northern Territory Darwin Northern Territory
Queensland Brisbane Queensland
South Australia Adelaide South Australia
Tasmania Hobart Tasmania
Victoria Melbourne Victoria
Western Australia Perth Western Australia

Australia Trivia

What is the Official Language of Australia?

English is the de facto national language of Australia.

What Languages Are Spoken In Australia?

What are the Major Industries in Australia?

The service industry comprises of over 70% of the Australia GDP. It dominates the economy, which employs over 79% of the labor force. Other major industries include tourism, healthcare, media, finance, and mining.

What Are The Biggest Industries In Australia?

What Are the Major Ethnic Backgrounds of Australians?

67.4% of Australians cite British heritage. 8.7% of Australians claim Irish ancestry, 3.8% claim Italian, and 3.7% claim German. Australians of Chinese heritage represent 3.6% of the population, while Aboriginal Australians account for 3% of the population.

Demographics and Ethnic Groups of Australia

What Kind of Plants Live in Australia?

Some of the native plant species of Australia include the archer's eremophila, the lance-leaved sundew and the bull kauri.

Native Plants Of Australia

What is the Biggest Mall in Australia?

The 2 million square foot Chadstone Shopping Centre in Malvern East, Victoria, is the largest shopping center in Australia. Until the year 2009, it was the largest shopping center in the Southern Hemisphere. Other large shopping malls include the 1.9 million square foot Westfield Fountain Gate in Melbourne and Westfield Sydney, which is 1.8 million square feet.

The Largest Shopping Centres In Australia

What are the Deadliest Snakes in Australia?

The deadliest snakes in Australia include the southern death adder, the lowlands copperhead, the inland fierce taipan, the gwardar, and the coastal eastern taipan.

10 Deadliest Snakes Of Australia

States & Territories of Australia

This page was last updated on July 12, 2016.