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Delaware Geography

Most of Delaware's land is very flat, averaging only 58 ft. above sea level. The only significant exceptions are the rolling hills of the Piedmont Plateau that cover the northern edges of the state; the state's highest point is located there, rising to 447 ft.

The Coastal Plain covering much of Delaware is a low-lying stretch of land that borders the Atlantic Ocean. It's approximately 2,200 miles long, stretching from central New Jersey, south to Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula.

The state's eastern shorelines contain a number of bays, tidal creeks and marshes. Its southern border with Delaware contains over 30,000 acres of swampland. Sandy beach fronts large stretches of the southern Delaware Bay and the Atlantic Ocean coastline.

The Delmarva Peninsula occupies portions of three U.S. states: Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia. The peninsula is about 180 long, and nearly 71 miles wide. It's bordered by the Chesapeake Bay on the west, and the Delaware River, Delaware Bay, and Atlantic Ocean on the east. The peninsula's land is flat, with a few low-lying hills in the north.

The (mostly manmade) Chesapeake & Delaware Canal runs 14 miles long, 450 feet wide and 35 feet deep across Maryland and Delaware, connecting the Delaware River with the Chesapeake Bay. It's a modern sea-level, electronically controlled commercial waterway, carrying ship traffic east and west.

The most significant river is the Delaware. Other rivers of note include the Mispillion, Muderkill, Nantocke and St. Jones.

For a closer look at the low-lying topography of Delaware, view this topographic map.

Delaware Photographs

Autumn Foliage Colors Hills Along the Delaware River's West Branch

Delaware River...
by Robert Sisson
Buy This at Allposters.com

Delaware Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Dover Kent 302
Wilmington New Castle 302
Newark New Castle 302
Millsboro Sussex 302

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.