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  4. Central America
  5. Central America Geo. Statistics

Geography Statistics of Central America

  • Size: 523,780 sq km, 202,000 sq miles
  • Percent of Earth's Land: 0.1%
  • Highest Point: Tajumulco Volcano, Guatemala, 13,845ft (4,220m)
  • Lowest Point: Caribbean Sea, 0ft (0m)
  • Geographic Center: The geographic center of Central America is 116 miles northeast of Lake Managua, Nicaragua
  • Horizontal Width: From Guatemala's southwestern border with Mexico, directly east to the Caribbean Sea border of Honduras and Nicaragua: 595 miles (958 km) (see map)
  • Vertical Length: From Belmopan, Belize directly southeast to Panama City, Panama: 880 miles (1,416 km) (see map)

Note: Lengths and widths are point-to-point, straight-line measurements and will vary some using other map projections.

Central American Countries


  • Nicaragua: 130,373 sq km
  • Honduras: 112,090 sq km
  • Guatemala: 108,890 sq km
  • Panama: 78,200 sq km
  • Costa Rica: 51,100 sq km
  • Belize: 22,966 sq km
  • El Salvador: 21,040 sq km

Central American Countries


  • El Salvador: 292 per sq km
  • Guatemala: 129 per sq km
  • Costa Rica: 90 per sq km
  • Honduras: 67 per sq km
  • Nicaragua: 44 per sq km
  • Panama: 44 per sq km
  • Belize: 13 per sq km

All Country's Land Areas

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on September 19, 2016.