|Land Area||130,647 km2|
|Water Area||1,310 km2|
|Total Area||131,957km2 (#95)|
|Government Type||Parliamentary Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$291.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$26,800|
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- (6500 BC) Neolithic period: farming began
- (3000 BC) Bronze Age: walled citadels built
- (2800 BC) Domed tombs built in Crete
- (2200 BC) Indo-Europeans invaded, founded Mycenae
- (1730 BC) Earthquake struck Crete, palace destroyed
- (1700 - 1600 BC) Minoans arrived at Rhodes, Kasos and Telos; Carians arrived at Kos and Kalymnos
- (1500 BC) Santorini volcano erupted
- (1470 BC) Mycanae established as cultural center
- (1200 BC) Trojan War began
- (1184 BC) City of Troy fell to Greeks
- (1130 BC) Use of iron for weapons and tools began
- (1100 BC) Mycanae destroyed by Dorian invaders
- (1000 BC) Greeks began colonization Ionian coast
- (950 BC) Greeks founded Miletus in Ionia
- (800 BC) City-states of Athens, Thebes, Megara, Corinth, Sparta established; Greeks adopted Phoenician alphabet
- (776 BC) First Olympic Games held at Olympia
- (757 BC) First Messenian war began
- (754 BC) Polydorus became King of Sparta
- (750 BC) Greeks established colonies in Mediterranean and Black Sea area; Homer wrote Iliad
- (738 BC) Messenian war ended
- (734 BC) Polydorus sent colonists to Italy
- (725 BC) Hesiod wrote Theogony
- (719 BC) Polydorus murdered by Polymarchus
- (685 BC) Second Messenian war began
- (670 BC) First Greek coins minted
- (665 BC) Second Messenian war ended
- (657 BC) Byzantium founded
- (650 BC) Terrace of Lions built at Dilos; Macedonian kingdom established
- (621 BC) Dracon established Athenian Code of Law
- (595-586 BC) Sacred War for control of Delphi
- (594 BC) Athenian statesman Solon appointed ruler in Athens; reformed Dracon's law
- (583 BC) Corinthian tyranny overthrown
- (561 BC) Pisistratus took control of Athens
- (546 BC) Persians invaded, conquered Greek territories in Asia Minor
- (528 BC) Hippias succeeded Pisistratus in Athens
- (510 BC) Spartans drove Hippias out of Athens; Athens joined Peloponesean League
- (505 BC) Cleisthenes founded democracy in Athens
- (490 BC) First Persian invasion of Greece occurred (Battle of Marathon); Persians defeated
- (480 BC) Persians defeated at Battle of Salamis
- (479 BC) Persian Wars come to an end
- (460-446 BC) First Peloponnesian War occurred
- (450 BC) First bank founded in Athens
- (438 BC) Parthenon inaugurated
- (431-404 BC) Peloponnesian War between Sparta and Athens occurred
- (430 BC) Plague in Athens killed tens of thousands
- (404 BC) Athens lost second Peloponnesian War; Spartans ruled
300 BC - 30 BC
- (399 BC) Socrates tried, condemned to death for corrupting youth
- (395 BC) Corinthian War occurred
- (371 BC) Athens, Thebes, Chios, Mtilene, Byzantium, Rhodes defeated Sparta
- (344 BC) Macedonia conquered Thessaly, Illyria and Epirus
- (338 BC) Phillip II of Macedonia defeated Athens and Thebes
- (336 BC) Philip II assassinated; succeeded by son Alexander
- (331 BC) Alexander the Great conquered Persia; destroyed Persepolis; Achaemenid dynasty ended
- (323 BC) Alexander dead at age 33
- (307 BC) Athens captured by Antigonos
- (290 BC) Colossus of Rhodes built
- (197 BC) Romans gained control over Macedonians
- (149 BC) Romans annexed Macedonia as a province
- (89 BC) Mithriades VI led revolt against Rome
- (86 BC) Romans defeated Mithriades; burned Athens
- (30 BC) Romans conquered all of Greece
- (269 AD) Goths raided islands in Aegean Sea
- (324 AD) Constantine the Great founded Byzantium
- (393 AD) Theodosius stopped Olympic Games
- (395 AD) Roman Empire took control of Aegean Islands
- (515 AD) Eathquake destroyed half the cities in eastern Mediterranean including Rhodes; destroyed statue of Colossus
- (654 AD) Arabs occupied Rhodes; broke up remains of Colossus and sold bronze for scrap
- (1204) First sack of Constantinople; Fourth Crusade
- (1387) Ionian Islands brought under Venetian rule
- (1453) Constantinople fell to Turks
- (1566) Ottoman Turks gained control Aegean Islands
- (1626) Famine in Crete killed one-fifth population
- (1669) Crete fell to Ottoman Turks
What Is a Pentathlon?
Pentathlon is a word of Greek origin formed by combining two words, pente (five) and athlon (competition). The Pentathlon is a competition with five different sporting events. Pentathlon events can be traced to Ancient Greek Olympic Games in Olympia city-state where it included the long jump, javelin throw, discus throw, stadion (a series of short races), and a wrestling match as the main event.
10 Sports That Came From Ancient Greece
What is the Biggest City in Greece?
Athens, the capital city of Greece, is also the largest city in the country. It has a population of 3.7 million people.
The Biggest Cities In Greece
What Language is Spoken in Greece?
Greek, the official language of Greece, is used by the majority of the country's population. English is the most widely spoken foreign language.
What Languages are Spoken in Greece?
What are the major rivers in Greece?
Stretching 185 miles between the Pindus Range and the Aegean Sea, the Haliacmon is the longest river wholly in Greece. Other major rivers include Struma River, Vardar River, and Haliacmon River.
Major Rivers Of Greece
What is the Currency of Greece?
The monetary unit for Greece is the euro. The euro banknotes exist in seven denominations: 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, and 500.
What is the Currency of Greece?
What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Greece?
Greece in rich in natural resources including arable land, forests, nickel, bauxite, and the country's beautiful scenery.