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Georgia Geography

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Georgia's Quick Facts

Land Area 69,700 km2
Water Area 0 km2
Total Area 69,700 km2
Population 4,928,052
Population Density 70.70 / km2
Government Type Semi-Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $37.27 Billion
GDP Per Capita $10,100
Currency Lari (GEL)
Largest Cities
  • Tbilisi (1,049,498)
  • Kutaisi (178,338)
  • Batumi (121,806)
  • Sokhumi (81,546)
  • Zugdidi (73,006)
  • Rust'avi (50,000)
  • P'ot'i (47,149)
  • Gori (46,676)
  • Ts'khinvali (30,000)
  • Samtredia (28,748)

Georgia is a very mountainous country, with the rugged Caucasus Mountains stretching across the northern third, and the Lesser Caucasus Mountains dominating the central and southern landscape.

The country's highest point, (100% within its borders) is Mt. Kazbek, rising to 16,558 ft. (5,047 m).

Mt. Shkhara, is a few meters higher, and its southern slopes front Georgia, but it's mostly located in Russia, just to the southeast of Mt. Elbrus. It rises to 16,627 ft. (5,068m).

Europe's highest point, (Mt. Elbrus) is located just over Georgia's northern border, and reaches 18,841 ft. (5,633m).

The Kolkhida Lowlands front the Black Sea in the west, and numerous small rivers drain the area. The most significant rivers include the Kura and Rioni.

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