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Bosnia and Herzegovina History Timeline

Bosnia and Herzegovina's Information

Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Land Area 51,187 km2
Water Area 10 km2
Total Area 51,197km2 (#125)
Population 3,861,912 (#129)
Population Density 75.45/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $42.53 Billion
GDP Per Capita $11,000
Currency Marka (BAM)
Largest Cities

1200's – 1800's

  • (1291) Catholic Francisan order arrived in Bosnia
  • (1389) Bosnian King Tvrtko, other Balkan princes along with Albanians, fought under the command of Serbian Prince Lazar; Serbs defeated in the battle of Kosovo
  • (1463) Ottomans conquered Bosnia
  • (1526-41) Turks occupied most of Hungary, consolidated their hold on Bosnia
  • (1699) Prince Eugene of Savoy looted, burned Sarajevo
  • (1878) Austrian-Hungarian Empire ruled Bosnia
  • (1908) Bosnia-Herzegovina annexed to Austria-Hungary
  • (1909) Serbia officially recognized the annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina by Austria-Hungary
  • (1914) Bosnia Serb student, Gavrilo Princip, assassinated Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo
  • (1918) Austria-Hungary collapsed at the end of the war; Bosnia became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
  • (1941) Bosnia incorporated into Croat state; thousands of Serbs, Jews, and Gypsies sent to death camps
  • (1945) Bosnia-Herzegovina became a republic within the Yugoslav Socialist Federation
  • (1984) XIV winter Olympics games held in Sarajevo
  • (1990) Serb Democratic party founded by Radovan Karadzic; Jure Pelivan became prime minister of Bosnia
  • (1991) Serbs in Krajina declared independence from the Republic of Croatia; Macedonia and Bosnia-Herzegovina proposed a plan of compromise about the future Yugoslav State, Slovenia and Croatia rejected the plan; Bosnia-Herzegovina declared its sovereignty and neutrality
  • (1992) Ministerial Council of the EC adopted a declaration, recognized the republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina within its present borders; U.S. President George Bush signed a decree in recognition of independence of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, and Slovenia within the present boundaries of these former Yugoslav republics; Bosnian government issued new currency; a referendum (boycotted by the Serbs) on the independence of Bosnia-Herzegovina held, 99% of the 63% who voted approved the independence; Serbs in Bosnia-Herzegovina declared their own state, claimed Sarajevo the capital
1900's continued
  • (1992) Bosnian Muslims and Croats voted to secede from Yugoslavia; Bosnian President Alia Izetbegovic officially proclaimed independence of Bosnia; 88-member Assembly in Banja Luka proclaimed the Serb Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina; Bosnia-Herzegovina member of OSCE; Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia, Herzegovina became UN members; Bosnia, Herzegovina and Croatia signed a treaty of friendship; UN security council issued Resolution 780, established a commission for the war crimes in Bosnia; Mile Akmadzic became prime minister of Bosnia
  • (1992-1995) Inter-ethnic civil war between Bosnia, Serbs, Croats
  • (1993) Leaders of three warring ethnic groups in Bosnia-Herzegovina met in Geneva; Serb siege of Sarajevo continued; UN and European Union peace efforts failed, war broke out between Muslims and Croats in Bosnia; in an ineffective attempt to stop the war, distribution of food in Sarajevo blocked; airdrop relief supplies supported by U.S. President Clinton began; NATO forces enforced a UN ban on flights over Bosnia; Bosnia Serbs rejected a UN-backed peace plan; UN safe havens for Bosnian Muslim civilians created, included Sarajevo, Gorazde and Srebrenica

Bosnia and Herzegovina Trivia

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

Bosniaks are South Slavic nation and ethnic group dominating Bosnia and Herzegovina population, and they constitute 50.1% of the total population in the country. The second largest ethnic group in the country are the Serbs, which account for 30.8% of the country's total population.

Largest Ethnic Groups Of Bosnia And Herzegovina

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