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Bosnia and Herzegovina History Timeline

Bosnia and Herzegovina's Information

Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Land Area 51,187 km2
Water Area 10 km2
Total Area 51,197km2 (#125)
Population 3,861,912 (#129)
Population Density 75.45/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $42.53 Billion
GDP Per Capita $11,000
Currency Marka (BAM)
More Information Bosnia and Herzegovina
Largest Cities

1200's – 1800's

  • (1291) Catholic Francisan order arrived in Bosnia
  • (1389) Bosnian King Tvrtko, other Balkan princes along with Albanians, fought under the command of Serbian Prince Lazar; Serbs defeated in the battle of Kosovo
  • (1463) Ottomans conquered Bosnia
  • (1526-41) Turks occupied most of Hungary, consolidated their hold on Bosnia
  • (1699) Prince Eugene of Savoy looted, burned Sarajevo
  • (1878) Austrian-Hungarian Empire ruled Bosnia
1900's
  • (1908) Bosnia-Herzegovina annexed to Austria-Hungary
  • (1909) Serbia officially recognized the annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina by Austria-Hungary
  • (1914) Bosnia Serb student, Gavrilo Princip, assassinated Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo
  • (1918) Austria-Hungary collapsed at the end of the war; Bosnia became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
  • (1941) Bosnia incorporated into Croat state; thousands of Serbs, Jews, and Gypsies sent to death camps
  • (1945) Bosnia-Herzegovina became a republic within the Yugoslav Socialist Federation
  • (1984) XIV winter Olympics games held in Sarajevo
  • (1990) Serb Democratic party founded by Radovan Karadzic; Jure Pelivan became prime minister of Bosnia
  • (1991) Serbs in Krajina declared independence from the Republic of Croatia; Macedonia and Bosnia-Herzegovina proposed a plan of compromise about the future Yugoslav State, Slovenia and Croatia rejected the plan; Bosnia-Herzegovina declared its sovereignty and neutrality
  • (1992) Ministerial Council of the EC adopted a declaration, recognized the republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina within its present borders; U.S. President George Bush signed a decree in recognition of independence of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, and Slovenia within the present boundaries of these former Yugoslav republics; Bosnian government issued new currency; a referendum (boycotted by the Serbs) on the independence of Bosnia-Herzegovina held, 99% of the 63% who voted approved the independence; Serbs in Bosnia-Herzegovina declared their own state, claimed Sarajevo the capital
1900's continued
  • (1992) Bosnian Muslims and Croats voted to secede from Yugoslavia; Bosnian President Alia Izetbegovic officially proclaimed independence of Bosnia; 88-member Assembly in Banja Luka proclaimed the Serb Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina; Bosnia-Herzegovina member of OSCE; Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia, Herzegovina became UN members; Bosnia, Herzegovina and Croatia signed a treaty of friendship; UN security council issued Resolution 780, established a commission for the war crimes in Bosnia; Mile Akmadzic became prime minister of Bosnia
  • (1992-1995) Inter-ethnic civil war between Bosnia, Serbs, Croats
  • (1993) Leaders of three warring ethnic groups in Bosnia-Herzegovina met in Geneva; Serb siege of Sarajevo continued; UN and European Union peace efforts failed, war broke out between Muslims and Croats in Bosnia; in an ineffective attempt to stop the war, distribution of food in Sarajevo blocked; airdrop relief supplies supported by U.S. President Clinton began; NATO forces enforced a UN ban on flights over Bosnia; Bosnia Serbs rejected a UN-backed peace plan; UN safe havens for Bosnian Muslim civilians created, included Sarajevo, Gorazde and Srebrenica


This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Trivia

What Languages are Spoken in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

Bosnian, Serbian, and Croatian are official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

What Languages Are Spoken in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

What is the Major Religion of Bosnia and Herzegovina?

The religious demographics of Bosnia and Herzegovina are as follows: Islam at 51%, Eastern Orthodox Christian at 31%, Roman Catholic at 15%, other at 2% and Atheist/Agnostic at 1%.

Religious Demographics Of Bosnia And Herzegovina

What is the Biggest City in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

Sarajevo is Bosnia and Herzegovina's largest city and capital of the country. Banja Luka and Luka are the second and third biggest cities in the country.

The Biggest Cities In Bosnia And Herzegovina

What is the Culture of Bosnia and Herzegovina Like?

The Southeastern European nation of Bosnia and Herzegovina hosts a population of around 3,849,891 individuals. 50.1% of the population of the country is represented by the ethnic Bosniaks. Serbs and Croats are the largest ethnic minorities in the country. Bosnian, Serbian, and Croatian are the three official languages spoken in the country. Muslims account for 50.7% of the country’s population. Orthodox and Roman Catholic Christians account for 30.7% and 15.2% of the nation’s population, respectively.

The Culture Of Bosnia And Herzegovina

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

Bosniaks are South Slavic nation and ethnic group dominating Bosnia and Herzegovina population, and they constitute 50.1% of the total population in the country. The second largest ethnic group in the country are the Serbs, which account for 30.8% of the country's total population.

Largest Ethnic Groups Of Bosnia And Herzegovina

Are There Any UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina include the Mehmed Pasa Sokolovic Bridge and the Mostar Old Bridge Area.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Bosnia And Herzegovina

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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