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Andorra's Information

Flag of Andorra
Land Area 468 km2
Total Area 468km2 (#178)
Population 85,660 (#199)
Population Density 183.03/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Democracy (since March 1993) That Retains Its Chiefs Of State In The Form Of A Co-principality; The Two Princes Are The President Of France And Bishop Of Seu D'Urgell, Spain, Who Are Represented In Andorra By The Co-princes' Representatives
GDP (PPP) $3.33 Billion
GDP Per Capita $49,900
Currency Euro (EUR)
More Information Andorra

Andorra, located in the heart of the Pyrenees Mountains, is the highest inhabited country in Europe.

Tradition holds that the country was presented a charter by Charlemagne after fighting against the Moors. It was managed first by the Count of Urgell, before being passed to the bishop of Diocese of Urgell in exchange for territory in Cerdanya in 988 AD. 

Knowing that the Count of Urgell wanted the Andorran territory back, the Bishop of Urgell sought military protection from the Lord of Caboet in 1095, and a declaration was signed between the two affirming their co-ruling of Andorra. 

A dispute emerged in the 11th century between the French Count Foix, an heir to the Lord of Caboet through marriage, and the Lord of Caboet. This conflict was resolved in 1278 with the signing of the Pareage of Andorra, that stated the country be shared between the two. Andorra's borders have remained unchanged since that time. 

Andorra was brought under Spanish rule in 1505 when Germaine of Foix married Ferdinand V. Holy Roman Emperor Charles V then took it over in 1519.

By the early 1600s, Andorra fell under French rule when Henry IV ascended the throne, and remained as such until 1793 when the French revolutionary government renounced its reign over the territory amidst feudalism speculations. 

After remaining neutral during the Napoleonic Wars in the early 1800s, Andorra petitioned Napoleon to restore the French title to the co-principality, and they were subsequently passed to the president of France. However, by 1813 Andorra was annexed and placed into the Spanish district of Puigcerda.

Although they didn't follow through with fighting during World War I, Andorra declared war on Germany, and then remained neutral during World War II (while serving as an important smuggling route between France and Spain). 

In 1993 the country became a member of the United Nations followed shortly by the Council of Europe

Postage stamp size and about 1/5 the size of the U.S. state of Rhode Island, Andorra has no formal constitution, no income tax and no army. 

With duty-free shopping, gorgeous scenery and great skiing, it attracts thousands of worldwide visitors on an annual basis.

This page was last updated on July 12, 2016.

Andorra Trivia

What Languages are Spoken in Andorra?

Catalan is the sole official language of Andorra.

What Languages Are Spoken In Andorra?

What is the biggest city in Andorra?

Andorra la Vella is both the most populated city in Andorra and the country’s capital. It has a population of 22,256, although the entire metro area has more than 40,000 inhabitants.

Biggest Cities In Andorra

What Kind of Government Does Andorra Have?

Andorra is a parliamentary constitutional diarchy where executive power is exercised by the government.

What Type Of Government Does Andorra Have?

Where is Andorra?

Andorra is a tiny European country located between Spain and France.

Fun Facts About Andorra

What is the Capital of Andorra?

Andorra la Vella is the capital of Andorra, a sovereign landlocked Southwest European microstate. The city has a population of only 22,886 (as of 2015). It is Europe’s highest capital city in terms of elevation.

What Is The Capital of Andorra?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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