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South Korea Geography

South Korea's Information

Flag of South Korea
Land Area 96,920 km2
Water Area 2,800 km2
Total Area 99,720km2 (#107)
Population 50,924,172 (#27)
Population Density 525.42/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $1,930.00 Billion
Currency Won (KRW)
Largest Cities

South Korea is very hilly and mountainous in the east, where the Taebaek Mountains dominate the landscape.

The rugged land slopes west into undulating, flatter coastal plains, where most of its people live, and useable agricultural land is found.

These coastal lowlands formed as a result of mountain erosion, and account for only 30 percent of the country.

South Korea's highest point is Mt. Halla-san, an extinct volcano located on Cheju Island, at 6,398 ft. (1,950 m).

The western and southern coastlines of the country are covered by thousands of islands and narrow channels; significant rivers include the Kum, Han and Naktong.

Due to an active reforestation program, over 65% of South Korea's land is covered in forests; up from 35% in 1955, after much of the country's forests were cut down during and after World War II.

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

South Korea Trivia

What are the Major Ethnic Groups of South Korea?

96% of the South Korean population is comprised by ethnic Koreans, while the largest groups of immigrants are from China and the United States.

Ethnic Minorities And Immigrants In South Korea

What is the Saemangeum Seawall?

The Saemangeum Seawall is a man-made dyke in South Korea that formed the Saemangeum estuary and it remains the country’s largest ever development project. The Government of South Korea mooted the project in the 1970s and commenced it in 1991 but construction finalized in 2010 after several challenges including environmental concerns.

What Is The Saemangeum Seawall?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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