From the Gobi Desert areas of the south, Mongolia rises into a grass-covered and generally treeless plain (steppe), punctuated by three mountain ranges.
The highest point, Nayramadlin Orgil at 14,350 ft. (4,374 m), is found in the rugged Atlay Mountains of the west. Overall the country has an average elevation near 5,183 ft., (1,580 m); Hoh Nuur at 1,699 ft. (518 m) is the lowest point of the country.
Hovsgol Nuur, one of Asia's largest freshwater lakes is located on its border with the Russian Federation. In addition to being the largest, Hovsgol Nuur is also the second-most voluminous in Asia, and contains nearly 70% of Mongolia's fresh water.
The northern reaches of the country are replete with meandering rivers, thousands of small lakes, marshes and glaciers.
Mongolia, in the west and north, experiences frequent earthquakes, although volcanoes here are considered extinct.
|Land Area||1,553,556 km2|
|Water Area||10,560 km2|
|Total Area||1,564,116km2 (#18)|
|Government Type||Semi-presidential Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$37.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$12,200|
Trending on WorldAtlas
The Most Dangerous Cities in the World
The Largest Countries in the World
The 10 Smallest Countries In The World
The 10 Largest Cities in the World
29 Largest Armies In The World
The Richest Countries In The World
The Most Popular Sports in the World
Who Drinks The Most? - Alcohol Consumption By Country
The Most Obese Countries In The World