Asia during their reign, the Mongol Empire created a lasting impact for many modern countries who still remain unified today (although under different leadership).
As the descendants of Genghis Khan feuded over the royal succession, the Mongol Empire began to dissolve, and a civil war ultimately broke out splitting the Mongols into four separate empires.
Eventually, the Mongolians were defeated by the Qing Dynasty of Chinese forces.
In 1924, Mongolia began the transformation of itself into a republic, and aligned with the USSR.
Despite the new regime, the country remained nearly 200 years behind the rest of the world. Industry was unheard of within its borders, and all of the wealth was controlled by nobility.
In July of 1990, the first democratic elections were held, and the country officially rid itself of communist rule.
The country's capital, Ulan Bator, is its largest city as well as the central connection point for all railroads and highways in the country. The city serves as the nation's cultural and political center, and the main entry point for tourists.
Recently, a mining boom of copper, gold and coal has led to a major economic surge, especially in Ulan Bator. Since 2003, the GDP has more than doubled and tourism is on the rise.
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