|Land Area||2,699,700 km2|
|Water Area||25,200 km2|
|Total Area||2,724,900km2 (#9)|
|Government Type||Presidential Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$469.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$25,700|
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The earliest peoples were a confederation of Turkic tribes, known as the Qarluqs, who had established themselves in eastern Kazakhstan in 766 AD.
Arabs conquered the land during the 8th and 9th centuries, followed by the Oghuz Turks, Kimak and Kipchak, and Huns and Saka peoples.
Mongols, led by Genghis Khan, invaded in 1219, and Kazakhstan subsequently fell under a series of Mongolian leaders. The ruling structure split into two khanates, the Nogai Horde and the Uzbek Khanate, by the early 15th century.
Russian traders and soldiers began to settle along the northwestern edge of Kazakhstan during the 17th century, and eventually seized Kazakh territory.
As the construction of Russian forts began, the nomadic tribes of Kazakhstan saw their once-vast herding landscape diminish, and consequently many Kazakhs joined the Central Asian Revolt against Germany during World War I.
As a part of the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics, Kazakhstan developed into a regional nuclear power, and hundreds of said weapons were detonated (tested) within its borders in the mid-to-late 1900s.
Amidst World War II, an increase in industrialization and mineral extraction developed, and soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev initiated the "Virgin Lands" campaign in an effort to transform pasturelands into a major economy booster for Kazakhstan.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Kazakhstan gained its independence in 1991, and subsequently negotiated a significant financial settlement with the United States for the total disarmament of its nuclear arsenal.
Almost completely surrounded by China and the Russian Federation, its abundance of natural resources (especially oil and gas) have put this relatively new country on the front burner of international investors and multilateral corporations.
The Baikonur Cosmodrome is the world's oldest and largest working space launch facility, (under Russian control), and is located about 200 km to the east of the Aral Sea, on the north bank of the Syr Darya River.
Although a part of the Space Age, there are many significant internal problems that must be solved in Kazakhstan if it is to make any serious progress economically; important ones of note include a deteriorating infrastructure (especially in the rural areas), an isolated geographical position with no direct access to an ocean, wavering relationships with China and Russia, and its easy-to-understand political resistance to change.
Kazakhstan's government is stable, and it seems only a matter of time before this massive land emerges aggressively onto the world's stage.
What Languages are Spoken in Kazakhstan?
Kazakhstan is a bilingual nation where both Kazakh and Russian are spoken widely in the country.
What Languages Are Spoken In Kazakhstan?
What Kind of Economy Does Kazakhstan Have?
The economy of Kazakhstan is the largest one in Central Asia and is supported by enormous oil reserves, minerals, and metals.
The Economy Of Kazakhstan
Which Is The Most Populous City In Kazakhstan?
With a population of nearly 2 million people, Almaty is Kazakhstan’s most populous city. It houses about 8% of the country’s total population.
Biggest Cities In Kazakhstan
What is the majority religion in Kazakhstan?
Islam is the highest religion making up to 70% of the population, followed by Christianity forming 26% and other religions in the minority.
Religion in Kazakhstan
What Kind of Government Does Kazakhstan Have?
Kazakhstan is a presidential republic where the President, the head of state, nominates the head of government.
What Type Of Government Does Kazakhstan Have?
What is the Capital of Kazakhstan?
Located on the Ishim River's bank, Astana is the capital city of Kazakhstan.