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Indonesian Flag

Flag of Indonesia

Indonesia's Quick Facts

Land Area 1,811,569 km2
Water Area 93,000 km2
Total Area 1,904,569 km2
Population 258,316,051
Population Density 135.63 / km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $3.03 Trillion
GDP Per Capita $11,700
Currency Rupiah (IDR)
Largest Cities
  • Jakarta (10,770,487)
  • Bekasi (3,394,273)
  • Surabaya (2,944,403)
  • Depok (2,727,209)
  • Bandung (2,580,191)
  • Tangerang (2,338,547)
  • Medan (2,337,958)
  • Semarang (1,866,492)
  • Palembang (1,722,700)
  • Makassar (Ujung Pandang) (1,583,553)
Indonesia Flag:
Flag of Indonesia

The Indonesian flag was officially adopted on August 17, 1945.

The flag is modeled after the 13th century banner of the Indonesian Empire; the red stripe represents the body, while the white stripe represents the soul.

Larger Indonesia flag

Indonesia Coat of Arms:
Flag of Indonesia

Called Garuda Pancasila, the national emblem of Indonesia is composed of a Garuda (large mythical bird) and heraldic shield.

The five sections of the shield represent the five Pancasila principles of Indonesia's national philosophy, and the scroll in the Garuda's talons bears the national motto, "Bhinneka tunggal ika." ('Unity in diversity')

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