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Somalia Geography

Somalia's Information

Flag of Somalia
Land Area 627,337 km2
Water Area 10,320 km2
Total Area 637,657km2 (#43)
Population 10,817,354 (#83)
Population Density 17.24/km2
Government Type Federal Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $4.72 Billion
GDP Per Capita $400
Currency Shilling (SOS)
Largest Cities

Positioned on the eastern seaboard of Africa, at the mouth of the Bab el Mandeb passageway into the Red Sea and Suez Canal, Somalia is often referred to as the Horn of Africa due to its resemblance to a rhino's horn.


The terrain of the country is mainly broken into plateaus, plains and highlands, and it's coastline is the longest of all African countries at 1,880 miles (3,025 km).

The Cal Madow mountain range sits in the northeast, and contains the highest peak of Somalia - Shimbiris at 7,926 ft (2,416 m).

Major rivers include the Jubba and Shabele, both of which flow south towards Kismaayo and exit into the Indian Ocean (the lowest point of the country).

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Somalia Trivia

What Kind of Government Does Somalia Have?

The government of Somalia is headed by the President of Somalia, to whom the Cabinet reports through the Prime Minister.

What Type Of Government Does Somalia Have?

What is the biggest city in Somalia?

Mogadishu is home to 2,425,000 inhabitants making it the largest city in Somalia.

Biggest Cities In Somalia

What are the Ecological Regions of Somalia?

Ecological regions in Somalia include East African Mangroves, the Hobyo Grasslands and Shrublands, and the Ethiopian Montane Forests.

Ecological Regions Of Somalia

What Is The Puntland State Of Somalia?

Puntland State is a self-declared state located in Somalia’s northeastern region. Although the local leaders of Puntland have claimed it as an autonomous state, the international community regards it as an autonomous region of Somalia.

Where is Puntland?

What is the tallest mountain in Somalia?

Mount Shimbiris, also known as Mount Surud Cad, is the tallest mountain in Somalia with an elevation of 8,070 feet above sea level.

Tallest Mountains In Somalia

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