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Somalia Geography

Positioned on the eastern seaboard of Africa, at the mouth of the Bab el Mandeb passageway into the Red Sea and Suez Canal, Somalia is often referred to as the Horn of Africa due to its resemblance to a rhino's horn.


The terrain of the country is mainly broken into plateaus, plains and highlands, and it's coastline is the longest of all African countries at 1,880 miles (3,025 km).

The Cal Madow mountain range sits in the northeast, and contains the highest peak of Somalia - Shimbiris at 7,926 ft (2,416 m).

Major rivers include the Jubba and Shabele, both of which flow south towards Kismaayo and exit into the Indian Ocean (the lowest point of the country).

Somalia's Information

Flag of Somalia
Land Area 627,337 km2
Water Area 10,320 km2
Total Area 637,657km2 (#43)
Population 10,817,354 (#83)
Population Density 17.24/km2
Government Type Federal Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $4.72 Billion
GDP Per Capita $400
Currency Shilling (SOS)
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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.