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Morocco History Timeline

Morocco's Information

Flag of Morocco
Land Area 446,300 km2
Water Area 250 km2
Total Area 446,550km2 (#57)
Population 33,655,786 (#39)
Population Density 75.41/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $283.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $8,400
Currency Dirham (MAD)
Largest Cities


  • (2001 BC) Neolithic hunters and herders occupied the region of present-day Morocco
  • (1200 BC) Phoenician traders established depots for salt and ore along the coast
  • (500 BC) Carthage extended their dominance across much of North Africa, including present-day Morocco

40 AD - 1800s
  • (40 AD) The region was annexed to the Roman Empire after the fall of Carthage
  • (278) The regional capital of the Roman Empire was moved to Tanger on the northern coast of Morocco
  • (429) Vandals gained control of the region
  • (600s) Arabs invaded the land
  • (740) Berbers revolted against Arab ruling
  • (900s-1700s) Several different dynasties and religious movements fought and gained control over the region
  • (1884) Spain created a protectorate along the coastal areas of Morocco following a dispute over the Ceuta enclave

  • (1904) Zones of influence were carved out between France and Spain
  • (1912) Morocco is named a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez; Spain continued to command their coastal protectorate
  • (1920-1926) A Berber uprising in the Rif Mountains was suppressed by French and Spanish troops
  • (1925) Slavery was abolished
  • (1943) The Party of Independence was founded
  • (1956) Widespread unrest and a strong nationalistic sentiment ended the French protectorate status; Spain held onto their two coastal enclaves
  • (1961) King Hassan II rose to power
  • (1963) The first general elections of Morocco were conducted
  • (1965) A state of emergency is declared following a period of social unrest; King Hassan suspended the parliament
  • (1973) The Polisario movement was formed as an effort to establish an independent state in Spanish Sahara
  • (1975) King Hassan ordered 350,000 civilian volunteers to cross into Spanish Sahara; Spain agreed to transfer control of the Sahara to Morocco and Mauritania and the Spanish Sahara was renamed Western Sahara
  • (1976) Fighting occurred between the Moroccan military and Polisario forces
  • (1983) Elections were canceled by King Hassan amidst political unrest and an economic crisis
  • (1988) Diplomatic relations with Algeria were restored
  • (1997) A bicameral legislature was established
  • (1998) The first opposition-led government came into power
  • (1999) King Hassan II died and was succeeded by his son, Mohammed VI

  • (2003) Suicide bombers attacked several sites in Casablanca
  • (2004) A powerful earthquake rattled the northern region, more than 500 people were killed
  • (2007) An autonomy blueprint for Western Sahara was unveiled by Morocco; the Polisario movement rejected the plan and put forth their own proposal
  • (2008) The Authenticity and Modernity Party was formed by Fouad Ali al-Himma
  • (2010) Violent demonstrations were triggered after security forces swarmed a protest camp located in a disputed territory of Western Sahara
  • (2011) Thousands rallied across Morocco calling for political reform and a new constitution; a bomb attack on a Marrakech cafe killed 17 people; the moderate Islamist Justice and Development Party (PJD) won the parliamentary elections
  • (2012) A new coalition headed by Abdelilah Benkirane of the PJD was installed
  • (2012) "Arab Spring" protests continued calling for deeper reforms
  • (2013) King Mohammed appointed a new government
  • (2014) Judicial cooperation with France was suspended following a diplomatic row over lawsuits in Paris accusing the Chief of Intelligence of Morocco of complicity in torture
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Morocco Trivia

What is the Biggest City in Morocco?

The Atlantic port of Casablanca is by far the largest of all Morocco Cities, and one of the most important cities in all of North Africa. It has a population of 3.5 million people.

The Biggest Cities in Morocco

Is Western Sahara A Country?

Western Sahara is a disputed non-self-governing territory in northwest Africa. It is sandwiched between Morocco to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mauritania to the south and east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The territory is contested by the Kingdom of Morocco and the Polisario Front based in Algeria.

Western Sahara: a Country or Part of Morocco?

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Morocco?

The largest ethnic groups in Morocco are the Arab and the Berber people.

The Ethnic Groups In Morocco

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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