1. Home
  2. Africa
  3. Morocco

Morocco

Map of Morocco atlantic ocean mediterranean sea strait of gibraltar portugal spain gibraltar algeria mauritania western sahara sahara desert atlas mountains large morocco map canary islands
Locator Map of Morocco Europe Middle East Africa Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Mediterranean Sea Arabian Sea Indian Ocean Tropic of Capricorn Equator Prime Meridian graphicmaps.com worldatlas.com Tropic of Cancer Tunisia

Morocco's Information

Flag of Morocco
Land Area 446,300 km2
Water Area 250 km2
Total Area 446,550 km2
Population 33,655,786
Population Density 75.37 / km2
Government Type Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $283.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $8,400
Currency Dirham (MAD)
Largest Cities
  • Casablanca (3,144,909)
  • Rabat (1,655,753)
  • Fes (964,891)
  • Sale (903,485)
  • Marrakesh (839,296)
  • Agadir (698,310)
  • Tangier (688,356)
  • Meknes (545,705)
  • Oujda (405,253)
  • Al Hoceima (395,644)

Under the command of Uqba ibn Nafi of the Umayyads the first Islamic conquest of North Africa occurred in 670 AD, and their language, system of government and Islam quickly spread to Morocco.

Even after the Arab ruling had diminished, the Berbers slowly continued to convert to Islam, and the first Muslim state, the Kingdom of Nekor, was founded in the Rif Mountains in 710.

About a century after the Arab conquest of North Africa, successive Moorish dynasties began to rule in Morocco, and during the 16th century, the Sa'adi monarchy, particularly under Ahmad Al-Mansur (1578-1603), repelled foreign invaders and inaugurated a golden age.

In 1860, Spain occupied northern Morocco and ushered in a half century of trade rivalry among European powers that saw Morocco's sovereignty steadily erode.

In 1912, the French imposed a protectorate over the country, and under their ruling the natives were denied many freedoms. The children of noble Moroccan families were given a French education, however the rise of this young intellectual class produced a nationalist movement intent on restoring the country to its own people.

A protracted independence struggle with France ended successfully in 1956. The internationalized city of Tangier and most Spanish possessions were turned over to the new country that same year.

Morocco virtually annexed Western Sahara during the late 1970s, but final resolution on the status of the territory remains unresolved.

Upon independence, Morocco restored itself as a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament.

A number of opposition political parties have been formed in the past several years, which are legal.

Arab Spring protests reached Morocco in February 2011, and citizens gathered in Rabat protesting for a new constitution. By July of that same year, King Mohammed VI won a victory on a reformed constitution he initially proposed to appease the protestors.

Demonstrations continued through 2012 by citizens pushing for deeper reforms, and accusing the government of failing to deliver.

Morocco was the first country in North Africa to install a 3G network. Offshore service centers and IT activities, by 2015, will contribute over $500 million to the country's GDP. Morocco is the world's largest exporter of phosphate and the third-largest producer of phosphorous. It currently has a population of 1,655,753.

Latest by WorldAtlas