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Botswana's Information

Flag of Botswana
Land Area 566,730 km2
Water Area 15,000 km2
Total Area 581,730km2 (#47)
Population 2,209,208 (#144)
Population Density 3.90/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $35.90 Billion
GDP Per Capita $16,900
Currency Pula (BWP)
More Information Botswana
Largest Cities

The first known inhabitants of present day Botswana were nomadic foragers, Khoe & San speakers, who lived, passed through and hunted here in small, egalitarian families for millennia prior to the arrival of the Tswana and Bantu people.

Prior to being organized as a British protectorate in 1885, Botswana (though not yet a nation) operated in a multicultural coexistence in which small-scale trade between tribes flourished.

Population pressures and colonial rivalries prompted the formation of Bechuanaland which remained a poor and peripheral land. Animosity between the Boer settlers, Shona inhabitants and Ndebele tribes flared in the late 19th century, and in 1885 Botswana was put under British protection.

At the turn of the 20th century, the Union of South Africa was formed from the main British colonies within the region, however, the Bechuanaland Protectorate were not included.

In 1920, the evolution of tribal government and expansion of British central authority resulted in the formation of two councils representing Africans and Europeans that regulated tribal rule and powers.

Botswana began to push for independence in the early 1960s, and by 1964 Britain accepted their bid for a democratic self-government. The constitution was drafted in 1965, and paved the way for the first general elections and ultimate independence on September 30, 1966.

Today this pro-western country is one of the most progressive and successful on the African continent, with dramatically improved overall health care and educational systems.

Most of the country's population congregates in the eastern savanna grasslands, along its borders with South Africa and Zimbabwe.

In December of 1999, a long running dispute of the northern border with Namibia became the subject of a ruling by the International Court of Justice, and in the end Botswana was granted Kasikili Island.

Botswana's economy is given a serious boost by being the world's third-largest producer of diamonds, and a large exporter of beef to Europe. In addition, it has a solid level of tourism, highlighted by a series of national parks, including the Chobe NP, and the Okavango Delta wildlife areas in the north.

Weaknesses include a continuing high birthrate and the insidious spread of AIDS.

This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Botswana Trivia

What Kind of Plants Live in Botswana?

Some of the plants that live in Botswana include the sweet thorn, blady grass, the real fan palm and the medlar.

Native Plants Of Botswana

What Languages are Spoken in Botswana?

English is the official language of Botswana, while Setswana is the most widely spoken language in the country. Several other minority languages, especially Bantu languages, are also spoken in Botswana.

What Languages are Spoken in Botswana?

What Kind of Government Does Botswana Have?

In the parliamentary representative democratic republic of Botswana, the president of the nation serves as both the head of state and government.

What Type Of Government Does Botswana Have?

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Botswana?

Botswana is rich in a wide variety of natural resources including minerals, arable land, livestock, and the nation's beautiful scenery.

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Botswana?

What is the Leading Cause of Death in Botswana?

The number 1 killer of the residents of Botswana is HIV/AIDS. This disease is responsible for 32% of all deaths annually.

Botswana: Life Expectancy, Death Rate, Leading Causes of Death

What is the Currency of Botswana?

The official currency of Botswana is the pula.

What is the Currency of Botswana?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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