Macedonia Geography


Macedonia is an elevated plateau of large, rolling hills and deep valleys, completely dissected and surrounded by mountains.

The Dinaric Alps extend down into the country, and the highest point is in the Korab Mountain range, at 9,066 ft. (2,764m).

Although a landlocked country, Macedonia is home to 1,100 considerably sized water sources. Major lakes include Ohrid, Prespa (both shared with Albania) and Doiran.

Lake Ohrid is the deepest lake in the Balkans (935 ft.), and is regarded as the oldest in the world.

The Vardar River divides the country, flowing on through Greece, and is a major river for Macedonia. Other rivers of note include the Bregalnica and Crna.

Geography Macedonia
Location: Southeastern Europe, north of Greece

Geographic coordinates:

41 50 N, 22 00 E

Map references:



total: 25,333 sq km
land: 24,856 sq km
water: 477 sq km

Area - comparative:

slightly larger than Vermont

Land boundaries:

total: 766 km
border countries: Albania 151 km, Bulgaria 148 km, Greece 246 km, Serbia and Montenegro 221 km


0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims:

none (landlocked)


warm, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall


mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Vardar River 50 m
highest point: Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit) 2,764 m

Natural resources:

low-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land

Land use:

arable land: 22.26%
permanent crops: 1.81%
other: 75.93% (2001)

Irrigated land:

550 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:

high seismic risks

Environment - current issues:

air pollution from metallurgical plants

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:

landlocked; major transportation corridor from Western and Central Europe to Aegean Sea and Southern Europe to Western Europe

Note: The information tabled directly above was researched by and provided by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency

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korab mountain

Korab Mountain, Macedonia

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