Maryland was named after Queen Henrietta Maria who was the Queen of England. Its geographical location justifies its historic position as the US border that separates the North from the South. The state’s capital city is Annapolis. Baltimore is Maryland’s largest city. Maryland State has a total land area of 12,407 square miles which is occupied by approximately six million Marylanders. The Chesapeake Bay, the largest estuary in America, dominates the eastern side of Maryland. Maryland borders four states: Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, and West Virginia.
Pennsylvania borders Maryland to the north. The state is officially known as the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. It has a total land area of 46,055 square miles which is about four times the size of Maryland. The population of Pennsylvania is slightly above 12.8 million. The capital city is Harrisburg while the largest city is Philadelphia.
Delaware borders Maryland to the east. The capital city is Dover whereas its largest city is Wilmington. Delaware’s total population is approximately 960,000 people who occupy a total land area of 1,982 square miles. Comparatively, Maryland is about ten times the size of Delaware.
Virginia is Maryland’s neighboring state to the south. The state’s capital city is Richmond which was also the capital of the Confederate States during the Civil War. Its total land area is 42,774.2 square miles; meaning it is almost the size of Maryland.
West Virginia borders Maryland to the west. It is popularly known as the “Mountain State” because of its location within the Appalachian region. The capital city as well as the largest city in West Virginia is Charleston. West Virginia has a total land area of 24,230 square miles and a population of 1,805,832 as approximated in 2018. The legal boundary between Maryland and West Virginia is the south bank of Potomac River’s north branch.
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