What Is the Capital of Maryland?

The state flag of Maryland.

Maryland is a mid-Atlantic state located in the northeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by the states of West Virginia, Virginia, Washington, D.C., Delaware, and Pennsylvania. Maryland is nicknamed Old Line State or Free State, and was named after the English queen Henrietta Maria of France. Maryland is among the smallest states in the US in terms of both area and population density, with a population of about 6 million people. Its close proximity to Washington, D.C. and highly diversified economy gives the state one of the highest median household incomes in the US. Maryland’s largest city is Baltimore, while Annapolis is the capital.


Annapolis is not only capital of Maryland, but also the county seat of Anne Arundel County. The city is located on Chesapeake Bay, south of the state’s largest city of Baltimore and east of nation’s capital, Washington, D.C. The city forms part of the larger Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. According to the 2010 census, Annapolis has a population of about 38,400 people, which includes 16,200 households, and about 8,700 families occupying 17,845 housing units. Between 1783 and 1784, the city was the Continental Congress’ seat and also hosted the 1786 Annapolis Convention.

Geography and Climate of Annapolis

Annapolis is located about 25 miles south of the largest city in Maryland, Baltimore, while the capital Washington, D.C. is about 30 miles east. It is closer than any other US state capital to Washington, D.C., the nation’s capital. Annapolis forms part of the Atlantic Coastal Plain. It is a relatively flat city, and most if its area is less than 50 feet above sea level. The city covers an area of about 8.10 square miles, of which 7.18 square miles is land, while water covers 0.92 square miles. Annapolis experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot and humid summers, and cool winters. It receives generous rainfall throughout the year.

Government and Administration

The administration system of Annapolis is a weak mayor system. The city council is composed of 8 aldermen who are elected from single member ward, and the mayor is elected directly by the residents of Annapolis. Annapolis hosts the governor’s office, state legislature, and appellate courts. However, other state administrative offices and departments are located in Baltimore.

Economy and Education

Annapolis has a highly diversified economy characterized by manufacturing and service industries. Its closeness to Washington, D.C. makes it one of the state capitals with the highest household incomes in the US. Top employers in Annapolis include the Home Depot, US Naval Academy, Verizon Maryland, and Constellation Energy. City schools are managed by Anne Arundel County Public School System. Some of the schools serving the students in Annapolis include Annapolis High School, Southern High School, and Old Mill High School, among others schools.

Notable Places

Annapolis hosts some institutions with a rich history of Maryland and the United States. The Maryland State House is the US oldest legislative in use today, and was the where the Paris Peace Treaty was signed. For recreational activities, Annapolis has two theater scenes, including the Annapolis Summer Garden Theater. Other notable places include Banneker-Douglas Museum, Preble Hall, Hammond-Harwood House, and the Paca House and Garden.


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