Lake Constance is a 4,400 square mile water body that is shared by three European nations of Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Lake Constance is considered the second largest freshwater lake in Europe by volume of water and the third largest in surface area. The Rhine Glacier created the lake during the last ice age, and the lake is classified as a tongue basin because of the unique process of its formation. Several rivers flow into Lake Constance with some of the major ones being the Alpine Rhine and the Dornbirner Ach. The High Rhine is the only major river that flows from the lake. Lake Constance is home to several species of fish and fishermen from the three countries that border it often utilize the lake as a fishing ground.
Lake Constance in Germany
In Germany, Lake Constance is situated within two major German states of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria. Several towns have been set up on the German side of the lake such as Wasserburg, Friedrichshafen, and Kressbronn. Wasserburg is one of the most ancient towns on the shores of the lake since it has a history that dates back to the 8th century. In the modern era, the town is popular with tourists mainly due to its history. Other German towns around Lake Constance such as Konstanz are also popular with tourists due to the picturesque beauty of the region. The German government has encouraged the development of the tourism sector around Lake Constance to boost the living standards of the residents.
Lake Constance in Austria
Lake Constance is only situated within the Vorarlberg state of Austria. Several towns are found along the shore on the Austrian side of the lake such as Hörbranz, Fussach, and Lochau. Hörbranz is one of the ancient cities situated on the shores of Lake Constance and its present name dates back to the 13th century. In the modern era, the town has a relatively low population as it was only home to 6,346 people in 2018. Fussach is another ancient town situated along the banks of Lake Constance and it was established during the 9th century. Lochau is an essential historical town because, in the Second World War, it was the site of a subsidiary camp of the Dachau Concentration Camp. The Austrian side of Lake Constance is also popular with tourists, and the Austrian government has invested significantly in improving the region's tourism sector.
Lake Constance in Switzerland
In Switzerland, Lake Constance borders three cantons of Schaffhausen, Thurgau, and St. Gallen. Different towns have been established on the Swiss side of the lake such as Altenrhein, Thal, and Egnach. Egnach is a relatively old town as it was established before the mid-12th century. The city is a major agricultural center as the industry employed roughly 20% of the workforce in 2000. The Swiss side of Lake Constance is also popular with tourists because of its stunning beauty.
The Economic Significance of Lake Constance
Lake Constance plays a great economic role to the three countries that border the lake mainly because it attracts large a number of tourists. Estimates indicate that each year more than 70 million tourists visited Lake Constance every day.