World Facts

Where Is The Korean Peninsula Located?

The Korean Peninsula is located in East Asia and houses the two nations of North and South Korea.

Location Of The Korean Peninsula

The Korean Peninsula is found in the continent of Asia. To be precise, it is located in East Asia. The Korean peninsula is surrounded by three great nations of the world. These nations are China, Russia, and Japan. The Korean peninsula has greatly influenced the history of Japan and China. The Korean peninsula extends towards the south from the continent of Asia. The Peninsula has a stretch of approximately six hundred and eighty-three miles. In 1945, during the end of world war II the peninsula, which was recognized as Korea, was divided into two countries; North Korea and South Korea. Three major water bodies surround the Korean Peninsula. The Sea of Japan is to the east of the peninsula, to the south is the East China Sea, and the Yellow sea is found to the west.

China separates the Korean peninsula from the Asian continent while Russia borders it on the north. The Korean peninsula covers a land mass of approximately 219140 kilometers. Human beings have inhabited the Korean peninsula since prehistoric times. During this prehistoric period, there were quite some dynasties that were in control of the peninsula. Seoul is the largest city in the Korean peninsula, and it also serves as the capital city of South Korea. North Korea has its capital at Pyongyang which is also one of the largest cities on the peninsula. The Korean Peninsula has been making news headlines due to the existing tension and conflicts between South and North Korea.

Geography And Climate Of The Korean Peninsula

The Korean peninsula is very mountainous since 70% of the land has mountains. The highest mountain in the region is Mount Baekdu. Mount Baekdu has a height of 2744 meters. A large section of the population here practice agriculture and grow cereals such as rice and barley and vegetables. The vegetables are mainly for the local market. There is a large difference in climate between the northern and the southern parts of the Korean Peninsula. The southern region of the peninsula experiences a warm and wet climate which is almost similar to that of Japan. The climate is a result of warm ocean currents flowing along the coast. The northern region experiences colder climatic conditions. Mount Baekdu is the peninsula's highest peak at 9,003 feet. The 491 miles long River Amnok is the longest river in the Korean Peninsula. This river located between their border with China and North Korea. The southern coast is the favorable location for most of these species due to the warm temperatures. The majority part of the peninsula has temperate zones. South Korea has about 20 natural reserves and wildlife parks. There are sanctuaries for several species of birds, wild boar and tigers.

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